Activation of the oxidative burst by yeast elicitor in Catharanthus roseus cells occurs independently of the activation of genes involved in alkaloid biosynthesis

Activation of the oxidative burst by yeast elicitor in Catharanthus roseus cells occurs... In Catharanthus roseus cell suspensions, expression of several terpenoid indole alkaloid (TIA) biosynthetic genes, including those encoding strictosidine synthase and tryptophan decarboxylase, is coordinately induced by fungal elicitors such as yeast extract (YE). This induction is mediated by several signaling steps including the biosynthesis of jasmonic acid, and the activation of the jasmonic acid-responsive ORCA transcription factors. We investigated a possible role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a second messenger in this system. YE was shown to activate the production of ROS, which was dependent on protein phosphorylation and calcium influx. However, ROS generation was neither necessary for the induction of genes involved in TIA biosynthesis by YE nor by itself sufficient to induce these genes. Therefore, we conclude that activation of the oxidative burst by YE occurs independently of the activation of genes involved in TIA biosynthesis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Activation of the oxidative burst by yeast elicitor in Catharanthus roseus cells occurs independently of the activation of genes involved in alkaloid biosynthesis

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-004-1968-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In Catharanthus roseus cell suspensions, expression of several terpenoid indole alkaloid (TIA) biosynthetic genes, including those encoding strictosidine synthase and tryptophan decarboxylase, is coordinately induced by fungal elicitors such as yeast extract (YE). This induction is mediated by several signaling steps including the biosynthesis of jasmonic acid, and the activation of the jasmonic acid-responsive ORCA transcription factors. We investigated a possible role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a second messenger in this system. YE was shown to activate the production of ROS, which was dependent on protein phosphorylation and calcium influx. However, ROS generation was neither necessary for the induction of genes involved in TIA biosynthesis by YE nor by itself sufficient to induce these genes. Therefore, we conclude that activation of the oxidative burst by YE occurs independently of the activation of genes involved in TIA biosynthesis.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 30, 2004

References

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