Activation of the imprinted Polycomb Group Fie1 gene in maize endosperm requires demethylation of the maternal allele

Activation of the imprinted Polycomb Group Fie1 gene in maize endosperm requires demethylation of... Imprinting refers to the epigenetic regulation of gene expression that is dependent upon gene inheritance from the maternal or paternal parent. Previously, we have identified two maize homologs of the single Arabidopsis Polycomb Group gene FIE. Here, we report on the expression pattern of these genes in individual gametes before and after fertilization, and on the role of DNA methylation in determining the maternal expression of the Fie1 gene. We found that Fie1 is neither expressed in the sperm, egg cell nor central cell before fertilization. Activation of the Fie1 maternal allele occurs around two days after pollination (DAP) in the primary endosperm and peaks at 10–11 DAP coinciding with endosperm transition from mitotic division to endoreduplication. In contrast, Fie2 is expressed in the egg cell and more intensively in the central cell similar to Arabidopsis FIE, which strongly supports the hypothesis that it functions as a repressor of endosperm development before fertilization. Using MSRE-PCR and bisulfite sequencing, we could show that the methylated inactive state is the default status of Fie1 in most tissues. In the endosperm the paternal Fie1 allele remains methylated and silent, but the maternal allele appears hypomethylated and active, explaining mono-allelic expression of Fie1 in the endosperm. Taking together, these data demonstrate that the regulation of Fie1 imprinting in maize is different from Arabidopsis and that Fie1 is likely to have acquired important novel functions for endosperm development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Activation of the imprinted Polycomb Group Fie1 gene in maize endosperm requires demethylation of the maternal allele

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/activation-of-the-imprinted-polycomb-group-fie1-gene-in-maize-jg7wrBbaF6
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-007-9160-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Imprinting refers to the epigenetic regulation of gene expression that is dependent upon gene inheritance from the maternal or paternal parent. Previously, we have identified two maize homologs of the single Arabidopsis Polycomb Group gene FIE. Here, we report on the expression pattern of these genes in individual gametes before and after fertilization, and on the role of DNA methylation in determining the maternal expression of the Fie1 gene. We found that Fie1 is neither expressed in the sperm, egg cell nor central cell before fertilization. Activation of the Fie1 maternal allele occurs around two days after pollination (DAP) in the primary endosperm and peaks at 10–11 DAP coinciding with endosperm transition from mitotic division to endoreduplication. In contrast, Fie2 is expressed in the egg cell and more intensively in the central cell similar to Arabidopsis FIE, which strongly supports the hypothesis that it functions as a repressor of endosperm development before fertilization. Using MSRE-PCR and bisulfite sequencing, we could show that the methylated inactive state is the default status of Fie1 in most tissues. In the endosperm the paternal Fie1 allele remains methylated and silent, but the maternal allele appears hypomethylated and active, explaining mono-allelic expression of Fie1 in the endosperm. Taking together, these data demonstrate that the regulation of Fie1 imprinting in maize is different from Arabidopsis and that Fie1 is likely to have acquired important novel functions for endosperm development.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 17, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off