Activation of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Inhibits Synapsin I Phosphorylation in Visceral Sensory Neurons

Activation of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Inhibits Synapsin I Phosphorylation in Visceral... Activation of glutamate metabotropic receptors (mGluRs) in nodose ganglia neurons has previously been shown to inhibit voltage-gated Ca++ currents and synaptic vesicle exocytosis. The present study describes the effects of mGluRs on depolarization-induced phosphorylation of the synaptic-vesicle-associated protein synapsin I. Depolarization of cultured nodose ganglia neurons with 60 mm KCl resulted in an increase in synapsin I phosphorylation. Application of mGluR agonists 1-aminocyclopentane-1s-3r-dicarboxylic acid (t-ACPD) and L(+)-2-Amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (L-AP4) either in combination or independently inhibited the depolarization induced phosphorylation of synapsin I. Application of the mGluR antagonist (RS)-α-Methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG) blocked t-ACPD-induced inhibition of synapsin phosphorylation but not the effects of L-AP4. In addition, application of either t-ACPD or L-AP4 in the absence of KCl induced depolarization had no effect on resting synapsin I phosphorylation. RT-PCR analysis of mGluR subtypes in these nodose ganglia neurons revealed that these cells only express group III mGluR subtypes 7 and 8. These results suggest that activation of mGluRs modulates depolarization-induced synapsin I phosphorylation via activation of mGluR7 and/or mGluR8 and that this process may be involved in mGluR inhibition of synaptic vesicle exocytosis in visceral sensory neurons of the nodose ganglia. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Activation of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Inhibits Synapsin I Phosphorylation in Visceral Sensory Neurons

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002320010027
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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