Activation of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Inhibits Synapsin I Phosphorylation in Visceral Sensory Neurons

Activation of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Inhibits Synapsin I Phosphorylation in Visceral... Activation of glutamate metabotropic receptors (mGluRs) in nodose ganglia neurons has previously been shown to inhibit voltage-gated Ca++ currents and synaptic vesicle exocytosis. The present study describes the effects of mGluRs on depolarization-induced phosphorylation of the synaptic-vesicle-associated protein synapsin I. Depolarization of cultured nodose ganglia neurons with 60 mm KCl resulted in an increase in synapsin I phosphorylation. Application of mGluR agonists 1-aminocyclopentane-1s-3r-dicarboxylic acid (t-ACPD) and L(+)-2-Amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (L-AP4) either in combination or independently inhibited the depolarization induced phosphorylation of synapsin I. Application of the mGluR antagonist (RS)-α-Methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG) blocked t-ACPD-induced inhibition of synapsin phosphorylation but not the effects of L-AP4. In addition, application of either t-ACPD or L-AP4 in the absence of KCl induced depolarization had no effect on resting synapsin I phosphorylation. RT-PCR analysis of mGluR subtypes in these nodose ganglia neurons revealed that these cells only express group III mGluR subtypes 7 and 8. These results suggest that activation of mGluRs modulates depolarization-induced synapsin I phosphorylation via activation of mGluR7 and/or mGluR8 and that this process may be involved in mGluR inhibition of synaptic vesicle exocytosis in visceral sensory neurons of the nodose ganglia. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Activation of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Inhibits Synapsin I Phosphorylation in Visceral Sensory Neurons

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Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
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