Activation of Apical K+ Conductances by Muscarinic Receptor Stimulation in Rat Distal Colon: Fast and Slow Components

Activation of Apical K+ Conductances by Muscarinic Receptor Stimulation in Rat Distal Colon: Fast... In the epithelium of rat distal colon the acetylcholine analogue carbachol induces a transient increase of short-circuit current (I sc) via stimulation of cellular K+ conductances. Inhibition of the turnover of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) by LiCl significantly reduced both the amplitude and the duration of this response. When the apical membrane was permeabilized with nystatin, LiCl nearly abolished the carbachol-induced activation of basolateral K+ conductances. In contrast, in epithelia, in which the basolateral membrane was bypassed by a basolateral depolarization, carbachol induced a biphasic increase in the K+ current across the apical membrane consisting of an early component carried by charybdotoxin- and tetraethylammonium-sensitive K+ channels followed by a sustained plateau carried by channels insensitive against these blockers. Only the latter was sensitive against LiCl or inhibition of protein kinases. In contrast, the stimulation of the early apical K+ conductance by carbachol proved to be resistant against inhibition of phospholipase C or protein kinases. However, apical dichlorobenzamil, an inhibitor of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers, or a Ca2+-free mucosal buffer solution significantly reduced the early component of the carbachol-induced apical K+ current. The presence of an apically localized Na+/Ca2+-exchanger was proven immunohistochemically. Taken together these experiments reveal divergent regulatory mechanisms for the stimulation of apical Ca2+-dependent K+ channels in this secretory epithelium, part of them being activated by an inflow of Ca2+ across the apical membrane. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Activation of Apical K+ Conductances by Muscarinic Receptor Stimulation in Rat Distal Colon: Fast and Slow Components

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/activation-of-apical-k-conductances-by-muscarinic-receptor-stimulation-RVxsnpzka3
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Philosophy
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-003-0618-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In the epithelium of rat distal colon the acetylcholine analogue carbachol induces a transient increase of short-circuit current (I sc) via stimulation of cellular K+ conductances. Inhibition of the turnover of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) by LiCl significantly reduced both the amplitude and the duration of this response. When the apical membrane was permeabilized with nystatin, LiCl nearly abolished the carbachol-induced activation of basolateral K+ conductances. In contrast, in epithelia, in which the basolateral membrane was bypassed by a basolateral depolarization, carbachol induced a biphasic increase in the K+ current across the apical membrane consisting of an early component carried by charybdotoxin- and tetraethylammonium-sensitive K+ channels followed by a sustained plateau carried by channels insensitive against these blockers. Only the latter was sensitive against LiCl or inhibition of protein kinases. In contrast, the stimulation of the early apical K+ conductance by carbachol proved to be resistant against inhibition of phospholipase C or protein kinases. However, apical dichlorobenzamil, an inhibitor of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers, or a Ca2+-free mucosal buffer solution significantly reduced the early component of the carbachol-induced apical K+ current. The presence of an apically localized Na+/Ca2+-exchanger was proven immunohistochemically. Taken together these experiments reveal divergent regulatory mechanisms for the stimulation of apical Ca2+-dependent K+ channels in this secretory epithelium, part of them being activated by an inflow of Ca2+ across the apical membrane.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2003

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off