Activation of Apical K+ Conductances by Muscarinic Receptor Stimulation in Rat Distal Colon: Fast and Slow Components

Activation of Apical K+ Conductances by Muscarinic Receptor Stimulation in Rat Distal Colon: Fast... In the epithelium of rat distal colon the acetylcholine analogue carbachol induces a transient increase of short-circuit current (I sc) via stimulation of cellular K+ conductances. Inhibition of the turnover of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) by LiCl significantly reduced both the amplitude and the duration of this response. When the apical membrane was permeabilized with nystatin, LiCl nearly abolished the carbachol-induced activation of basolateral K+ conductances. In contrast, in epithelia, in which the basolateral membrane was bypassed by a basolateral depolarization, carbachol induced a biphasic increase in the K+ current across the apical membrane consisting of an early component carried by charybdotoxin- and tetraethylammonium-sensitive K+ channels followed by a sustained plateau carried by channels insensitive against these blockers. Only the latter was sensitive against LiCl or inhibition of protein kinases. In contrast, the stimulation of the early apical K+ conductance by carbachol proved to be resistant against inhibition of phospholipase C or protein kinases. However, apical dichlorobenzamil, an inhibitor of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers, or a Ca2+-free mucosal buffer solution significantly reduced the early component of the carbachol-induced apical K+ current. The presence of an apically localized Na+/Ca2+-exchanger was proven immunohistochemically. Taken together these experiments reveal divergent regulatory mechanisms for the stimulation of apical Ca2+-dependent K+ channels in this secretory epithelium, part of them being activated by an inflow of Ca2+ across the apical membrane. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Activation of Apical K+ Conductances by Muscarinic Receptor Stimulation in Rat Distal Colon: Fast and Slow Components

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial