Activation of A3 Adenosine Receptor Induces Calcium Entry and Chloride Secretion in A6 Cells

Activation of A3 Adenosine Receptor Induces Calcium Entry and Chloride Secretion in A6 Cells We have previously demonstrated that in A6 renal epithelial cells, a commonly used model of the mammalian distal section of the nephron, adenosine A1 and A2A receptor activation modulates sodium and chloride transport and intracellular pH (Casavola et al., 1997). Here we show that apical addition of the A3 receptor-selective agonist, 2-chloro-N6-(3-iodobenzyl)-adenosine-5′-methyluronamide (Cl-IB-MECA) stimulated a chloride secretion that was mediated by calcium- and cAMP-regulated channels. Moreover, in single cell measurements using the fluorescent dye Fura 2-AM, Cl-IB-MECA caused an increase in Ca2+ influx. The agonist-induced rise in [Ca2+] i was significantly inhibited by the selective adenosine A3 receptor antagonists, 2,3-diethyl-4,5-dipropyl-6-phenylpyridine-3-thiocarboxylate-5-carboxylate (MRS 1523) and 3-ethyl 5-benzyl 2-methyl-6-phenyl-4-phenylethynyl-1,4-(±)-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate (MRS 1191) but not by antagonists of either A1 or A2 receptors supporting the hypothesis that Cl-IB-MECA increases [Ca2+] i by interacting exclusively with A3 receptors. Cl-IB-MECA-elicited Ca2+ entry was not significantly inhibited by pertussis toxin pretreatment while being stimulated by cholera toxin preincubation or by raising cellular cAMP levels with forskolin or rolipram. Preincubation with the protein kinase A inhibitor, H89, blunted the Cl-IB-MECA-elicited [Ca2+] i response. Moreover, Cl-IB-MECA elicited an increase in cAMP production that was inhibited only by an A3 receptor antagonist. Altogether, these data suggest that in A6 cells a G s /protein kinase A pathway is involved in the A3 receptor-dependent increase in calcium entry. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Activation of A3 Adenosine Receptor Induces Calcium Entry and Chloride Secretion in A6 Cells

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Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
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