Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) is upregulated by human herpesvirus 8 infection, increases virus replication and promotes proangiogenic properties

Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) is upregulated by human herpesvirus 8 infection,... Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) triggers proangiogenic behaviour in endothelial cells by inducing monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) through activation of Nuclear Factor κB (NF-κB). However, NF-κB inhibition still results in partial MCP-1 induction and consequent angiogenesis, suggesting the involvement of another transcriptional pathway. We analysed activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4), since it is central in the cellular response to stress and is involved in angiogenesis. The results show that HHV-8 upregulates ATF4 expression, which in turn promotes HHV-8 infection, and induces MCP-1 production and proangiogenic properties in endothelial cells. By contrast, ATF4 silencing decreases virus replication and inhibits virus-induced MCP-1 production and induction of tube-like structures. Therefore, ATF4 plays a role in HHV-8 replication and associated virus-induced angiogenesis. The elucidation of molecular pathways involved in this process will result in a better understanding of the virus-induced angiogenic process and might help in designing novel therapies to reduce tumour growth. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) is upregulated by human herpesvirus 8 infection, increases virus replication and promotes proangiogenic properties

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-011-1144-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) triggers proangiogenic behaviour in endothelial cells by inducing monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) through activation of Nuclear Factor κB (NF-κB). However, NF-κB inhibition still results in partial MCP-1 induction and consequent angiogenesis, suggesting the involvement of another transcriptional pathway. We analysed activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4), since it is central in the cellular response to stress and is involved in angiogenesis. The results show that HHV-8 upregulates ATF4 expression, which in turn promotes HHV-8 infection, and induces MCP-1 production and proangiogenic properties in endothelial cells. By contrast, ATF4 silencing decreases virus replication and inhibits virus-induced MCP-1 production and induction of tube-like structures. Therefore, ATF4 plays a role in HHV-8 replication and associated virus-induced angiogenesis. The elucidation of molecular pathways involved in this process will result in a better understanding of the virus-induced angiogenic process and might help in designing novel therapies to reduce tumour growth.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2012

References

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