Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) triggers proangiogenic behaviour in endothelial cells by inducing monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) through activation of Nuclear Factor κB (NF-κB). However, NF-κB inhibition still results in partial MCP-1 induction and consequent angiogenesis, suggesting the involvement of another transcriptional pathway. We analysed activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4), since it is central in the cellular response to stress and is involved in angiogenesis. The results show that HHV-8 upregulates ATF4 expression, which in turn promotes HHV-8 infection, and induces MCP-1 production and proangiogenic properties in endothelial cells. By contrast, ATF4 silencing decreases virus replication and inhibits virus-induced MCP-1 production and induction of tube-like structures. Therefore, ATF4 plays a role in HHV-8 replication and associated virus-induced angiogenesis. The elucidation of molecular pathways involved in this process will result in a better understanding of the virus-induced angiogenic process and might help in designing novel therapies to reduce tumour growth.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2012
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