Actin -related protein 3 (Arp3) is mutated in proteinuric BUF/Mna rats

Actin -related protein 3 (Arp3) is mutated in proteinuric BUF/Mna rats The BUF/Mna strain of rat is a model of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in which a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for proteinuria, Pur1, has been identified. The aim of the present study was to identify candidates for the Pur1 gene. To narrow the Pur1 QTL, we performed fine QTL mapping and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping. To identify candidate genes, sequencing and gene-expression analyses of all genes contained in the narrowed locus were conducted. The narrowed Pur1 region contained 25 genes. Among these genes, only the Arp3 gene was mutated in the BUF/Mna strain; it contained a missense mutation that caused an L111F substitution. This leucine is conserved across species. Gene-expression analysis failed to identify any other candidate genes for Pur1. Arp3-mediated actin assembly abnormalities were visible in immunohistochemical and electron microscopic examinations of podocytes in old BUF/Mna rats. Taken together, these data suggest that Arp3 is a candidate for the Pur1 gene. This observation is consistent with our growing recognition that abnormal signaling-induced assembly of actin in podocytes leads to the development of FSGS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/actin-related-protein-3-arp3-is-mutated-in-proteinuric-buf-mna-rats-T0BryBt9Au
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology ; Anatomy ; Cell Biology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-007-9078-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The BUF/Mna strain of rat is a model of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in which a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for proteinuria, Pur1, has been identified. The aim of the present study was to identify candidates for the Pur1 gene. To narrow the Pur1 QTL, we performed fine QTL mapping and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping. To identify candidate genes, sequencing and gene-expression analyses of all genes contained in the narrowed locus were conducted. The narrowed Pur1 region contained 25 genes. Among these genes, only the Arp3 gene was mutated in the BUF/Mna strain; it contained a missense mutation that caused an L111F substitution. This leucine is conserved across species. Gene-expression analysis failed to identify any other candidate genes for Pur1. Arp3-mediated actin assembly abnormalities were visible in immunohistochemical and electron microscopic examinations of podocytes in old BUF/Mna rats. Taken together, these data suggest that Arp3 is a candidate for the Pur1 gene. This observation is consistent with our growing recognition that abnormal signaling-induced assembly of actin in podocytes leads to the development of FSGS.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 7, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off