Acrylamide and Acrylic Acid Biodegradation by Alcaligenes faecalis 2 Planktonic Cells and Biofilms

Acrylamide and Acrylic Acid Biodegradation by Alcaligenes faecalis 2 Planktonic Cells and Biofilms The ability of the Alcaligenes faecalis 2 strain to utilize acrylamide and acrylic acid upon cultivation with these compounds as the only sources of carbon and energy has been investigated. Complete utilization of the acrylic acid present in the medium at concentrations below 0.113 g/L was observed by cultivation day 5, at a concentration of 0.225 g/L by day 7, and at a concentration of 0.45 g/L by day 17. Complete utilization of the acrylamide present in the medium at concentrations below 0.4 g/L was observed by day 5, at a concentration of 0.9 g/L by day 7, and at a concentration of 1.8 g/L by day 20. Importantly, bacterial growth did not start before complete transformation of acrylamide into acrylic acid. The rate of acrylamide transformation by growing bacteria and a cell suspension in the stationary growth phase amounted to 12.5 mg/L h at a cell concentration of 610 mg/L and 300 mg/L h, at a concentration of 1500 mg/L. A. faecalis 2 cells immobilized on BVV-22 basalt fibers and Carbopon-B-aktiv at concentrations of 3000 and 800 mg dry cells/L, respectively, transformed acrylamide at a rate of 1200 mg/L h. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology Springer Journals

Acrylamide and Acrylic Acid Biodegradation by Alcaligenes faecalis 2 Planktonic Cells and Biofilms

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Microbiology; Medical Microbiology
ISSN
0003-6838
eISSN
1608-3024
D.O.I.
10.1134/S0003683818020084
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The ability of the Alcaligenes faecalis 2 strain to utilize acrylamide and acrylic acid upon cultivation with these compounds as the only sources of carbon and energy has been investigated. Complete utilization of the acrylic acid present in the medium at concentrations below 0.113 g/L was observed by cultivation day 5, at a concentration of 0.225 g/L by day 7, and at a concentration of 0.45 g/L by day 17. Complete utilization of the acrylamide present in the medium at concentrations below 0.4 g/L was observed by day 5, at a concentration of 0.9 g/L by day 7, and at a concentration of 1.8 g/L by day 20. Importantly, bacterial growth did not start before complete transformation of acrylamide into acrylic acid. The rate of acrylamide transformation by growing bacteria and a cell suspension in the stationary growth phase amounted to 12.5 mg/L h at a cell concentration of 610 mg/L and 300 mg/L h, at a concentration of 1500 mg/L. A. faecalis 2 cells immobilized on BVV-22 basalt fibers and Carbopon-B-aktiv at concentrations of 3000 and 800 mg dry cells/L, respectively, transformed acrylamide at a rate of 1200 mg/L h.

Journal

Applied Biochemistry and MicrobiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 13, 2018

References

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