Accessibility measures for robustness of the transport system

Accessibility measures for robustness of the transport system Accessibility is a key concept in transport and land use policies, and infrastructure-based measures are one important category of accessibility measures. Recently, there has been a significant increase in the attention paid in both academic literature and policy documents to the robustness of the transport system. However, there is not a mature body of literature on the infrastructure-based accessibility measures expressing this concept. This paper proposes a family of accessibility measures to express the robustness of the transport system. These have in common that they express the number of travel options between a given origin and destination, or to conduct activities. The family of measures is conceptualized by using the multi-state supernetwork approach. With respect to the travel options, we discuss (1) the overlap of travel routes, and (2) the choices of travel modes (e.g. car versus train; multimodal). With respect to the activities, we discuss (1) the choice of OD pairs as opposed to activity-travel patterns, and (2) fixed versus flexible activity locations and fixed versus flexible order of activities. We illustrate the travel options and robustness in a multi-modal transport system between the city centers of the Hague-Rotterdam-Dordrecht corridor (The Netherlands). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Transportation Springer Journals

Accessibility measures for robustness of the transport system

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by The Author(s)
Subject
Economics; Regional/Spatial Science; Economic Geography; Engineering Economics, Organization, Logistics, Marketing; Innovation/Technology Management
ISSN
0049-4488
eISSN
1572-9435
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11116-016-9701-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Accessibility is a key concept in transport and land use policies, and infrastructure-based measures are one important category of accessibility measures. Recently, there has been a significant increase in the attention paid in both academic literature and policy documents to the robustness of the transport system. However, there is not a mature body of literature on the infrastructure-based accessibility measures expressing this concept. This paper proposes a family of accessibility measures to express the robustness of the transport system. These have in common that they express the number of travel options between a given origin and destination, or to conduct activities. The family of measures is conceptualized by using the multi-state supernetwork approach. With respect to the travel options, we discuss (1) the overlap of travel routes, and (2) the choices of travel modes (e.g. car versus train; multimodal). With respect to the activities, we discuss (1) the choice of OD pairs as opposed to activity-travel patterns, and (2) fixed versus flexible activity locations and fixed versus flexible order of activities. We illustrate the travel options and robustness in a multi-modal transport system between the city centers of the Hague-Rotterdam-Dordrecht corridor (The Netherlands).

Journal

TransportationSpringer Journals

Published: May 17, 2016

References

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