Purpose Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of irinotecan have been reported to be altered in cancer patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Carboxylesterase (CES) has an important role in metabolism of irinotecan to its active metabolite, SN-38, in human liver. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether CES activity was altered in ESKD patients. Methods The present study investigated the effects of uremic serum, uremic toxins, and fatty acids on the hydrolysis of irinotecan and a typical CES substrate, p-nitrophenyl acetate (PNPA), in human liver microsomes. Normal and uremic serum samples were deproteinized by treatment with methanol were used in the present study. Results The present study showed that both normal and uremic serum significantly inhibited CES-mediated metabolism of both irinotecan and PNPA. The inhibition by uremic serum was weaker than that by normal serum, suggesting that CES activity may be higher in ESKD patients. Although four uremic toxins did not affect PNPA metabolism, arachidonic acid inhibited it. There was no difference in inhibitory effect of PNPA metabolism between both mixtures of seven fatty acids used at concentrations equivalent to those present in 10% normal or uremic serum. Interestingly, those mixtures had a more pronounced effect than either
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 24, 2018
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