Engineering components can be subjected to normal and/or rotational fretting wear with contacts that are intermittently exposed to the atmosphere. Exposure to the environment may lead to the alteration at the contact due to the changing role of third body particles such as hard oxides which can result in abrasion. The abrasion due to hard oxide particles differs for the closed contact and intermittently opened contact. In the former scenario, the oxides are compacted into tribo-film, while in the latter case they remain loose, leading to bigger role of abrasion. Standard fretting test setup employed to estimate the fretting wear characteristic operates with a constant load such that the contact remains closed between the counter surfaces and does not simulate the opening and closing of the contacts as observed in certain applications. The forceful interruptions to the experiments to simulate open and close condition of the contact require considerable amount of time and effort. In this paper, an accelerated test procedure is proposed and investigated to capture the effect of intermittent opening of the contact without stopping the experiments. A test rig is designed to simulate the opening and closing conditions, and tests were performed with abrasive diamond-like particles. Friction and wear results are compared with those of intermittently contact opening conditions along with operating wear mechanisms. Scanning electron microscope analysis showed that the wear mechanism observed in the case of fretting with intermittent opening of contact is similar to that of fretting with diamond-like abrasives at the contact.
Tribology Letters – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 20, 2017
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