Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 40, No. 4, 2004, pp. 458–460. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 40, No. 4, 2004, pp. 569–571. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2004 by Zakharov, Kiknadze. CHRONICLE Academician Vladimir Konstantinovich Shumny (On His 70th Birthday and the 45th Anniversary of the Beginning of His Scientific Activities) obtained original data on the mechanisms of overdom- inance based on monogenic mutations. A mutation of the gene encoding nitrate reductase, the key enzyme of nitrogen metabolism in plants, was obtained and com- prehensively studied in the course of this research. By organizing and heading the research program “Lysine,” Shumny supervised research in one of the most important problems of plant genetics aimed at obtaining plant proteins containing balanced amounts of essential amino acids, as well as in the genetics of nitrogen nutrition of plants. The data on plant reproductive systems that Shumny and his colleagues obtained allowed them to develop methods for overcoming genetic incompatibility in some species, reveal the reserves of genetic diversity, and create, on this basis, valuable collections of plant lines. Interesting experimental models demonstrating the possibility of changing the type of reproduction in some plant species have been developed. Shumny is supervising long-term integrated
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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