Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2001, pp. 530 3534. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2001, pp. 516 3520. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2001 by Morachevskii, Shpak. HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ AND CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY Academician V. A. Kistyakovskii’s Works in the Theory of Passive State and Corrosion of Metals (To 250th Anniversary of the Discovery of Metal Transition into Passive State) The first scientific description of the transition of a metal into passive state was given by M.V. Lomono- sov (171131765) in the paper O deistvii khimicheskikh rastvoritelei (On the Action of Chemical Solvents), published 250 years ago in 1750. Unfortunately, this work, and also other scientist’s works in the field of physics and chemistry, written in Latin, had been little known to the scientific community till the early XX century. Lomonosov observed and described fast termination of the dissolution of iron in concentrated nitric acid, and attributed this to a change in the solvent properties . Later, the behavior of iron in nitric acid solutions was studied by quite a number of other researchers [2, 3]. In 1836, a Swiss scientist C. Schonbein (179931868) was, probably, the first to
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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