Absorption of scalars by extremal black holes in string theory

Absorption of scalars by extremal black holes in string theory We show that the low frequency absorption cross section of minimally coupled test massless scalar fields by extremal spherically symmetric black holes in d dimensions is equal to the horizon area, even in the presence of string-theoretical $$\alpha '$$ α ′ corrections. Classically one has the relation $$\sigma = 4 GS$$ σ = 4 G S between that absorption cross section and the black hole entropy. By comparing in each case the values of the horizon area and Wald’s entropy, we discuss the validity of such relation in the presence of higher derivative corrections for extremal black holes in many different contexts: in the presence of electric and magnetic charges; for nonsupersymmetric and supersymmetric black holes; in $$d=4$$ d = 4 and $$d=5$$ d = 5 dimensions. The examples we consider seem to indicate that this relation is not verified in the presence of $$\alpha '$$ α ′ corrections in general, although being valid in some specific cases (electrically charged maximally supersymmetric black holes in $$d=5$$ d = 5 ). We argue that the relation $$\sigma = 4 GS$$ σ = 4 G S should in general be valid for the absorption cross section of scalar fields which, although being independent from the black hole solution, have their origin from string theory, and therefore are not minimally coupled. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png General Relativity and Gravitation Springer Journals

Absorption of scalars by extremal black holes in string theory

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Physics; Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics; Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory; Differential Geometry; Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology; Quantum Physics
ISSN
0001-7701
eISSN
1572-9532
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10714-017-2285-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We show that the low frequency absorption cross section of minimally coupled test massless scalar fields by extremal spherically symmetric black holes in d dimensions is equal to the horizon area, even in the presence of string-theoretical $$\alpha '$$ α ′ corrections. Classically one has the relation $$\sigma = 4 GS$$ σ = 4 G S between that absorption cross section and the black hole entropy. By comparing in each case the values of the horizon area and Wald’s entropy, we discuss the validity of such relation in the presence of higher derivative corrections for extremal black holes in many different contexts: in the presence of electric and magnetic charges; for nonsupersymmetric and supersymmetric black holes; in $$d=4$$ d = 4 and $$d=5$$ d = 5 dimensions. The examples we consider seem to indicate that this relation is not verified in the presence of $$\alpha '$$ α ′ corrections in general, although being valid in some specific cases (electrically charged maximally supersymmetric black holes in $$d=5$$ d = 5 ). We argue that the relation $$\sigma = 4 GS$$ σ = 4 G S should in general be valid for the absorption cross section of scalar fields which, although being independent from the black hole solution, have their origin from string theory, and therefore are not minimally coupled.

Journal

General Relativity and GravitationSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 12, 2017

References

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