Absorption and foaming of plastics using carbon dioxide

Absorption and foaming of plastics using carbon dioxide In this study, carbon dioxide was used as a foaming agent for common plastics, such as acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) polymer, polystyrene (PS), polypropylene (PP), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and high impact polystyrene (HIPS). Carbon dioxide was first absorbed by the sample plastics placed within a pressure vessel at various pressure levels and absorption time intervals. The Henry’s constant of the absorbed carbon dioxide in the plastics was determined. The diffusion coefficient of carbon dioxide in polymer was also identified by curve-fitting with the relationship between the absorbed amount and time. The results showed that ABS, PS, and HIPS absorbed more gas than did PP and HDPE, because PP and HDPE exhibit higher crystallinity. Generally, a polymer can take up saturation absorption of gas under higher pressure. After absorption, the foaming process occurred at various temperatures and time intervals. The cell structure, density, and size of the plastic foams were then investigated using scanning electron microscopy. A longer foaming period and higher temperature increase the size of the cell and decrease the cell density (the number of bubbles per unit volume). A dense skin layer without bubbles appeared directly adjacent to the surface of the foamed plastics. Its thickness decreased if the foaming process took place at higher temperatures. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Absorption and foaming of plastics using carbon dioxide

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/absorption-and-foaming-of-plastics-using-carbon-dioxide-1oowpVLL8c
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-014-1603-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this study, carbon dioxide was used as a foaming agent for common plastics, such as acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) polymer, polystyrene (PS), polypropylene (PP), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and high impact polystyrene (HIPS). Carbon dioxide was first absorbed by the sample plastics placed within a pressure vessel at various pressure levels and absorption time intervals. The Henry’s constant of the absorbed carbon dioxide in the plastics was determined. The diffusion coefficient of carbon dioxide in polymer was also identified by curve-fitting with the relationship between the absorbed amount and time. The results showed that ABS, PS, and HIPS absorbed more gas than did PP and HDPE, because PP and HDPE exhibit higher crystallinity. Generally, a polymer can take up saturation absorption of gas under higher pressure. After absorption, the foaming process occurred at various temperatures and time intervals. The cell structure, density, and size of the plastic foams were then investigated using scanning electron microscopy. A longer foaming period and higher temperature increase the size of the cell and decrease the cell density (the number of bubbles per unit volume). A dense skin layer without bubbles appeared directly adjacent to the surface of the foamed plastics. Its thickness decreased if the foaming process took place at higher temperatures.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 27, 2014

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off