Two genes encoding enzymes in the abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis pathway, zeaxanthin epoxidase (ZEP) and 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (NCED), have previously been cloned by transposon tagging in Nicotiana plumbaginifolia and maize respectively. We demonstrate that antisense down-regulation of the tomato gene LeZEP1 causes accumulation of zeaxanthin in leaves, suggesting that this gene also encodes ZEP. LeNCED1 is known to encode NCED from characterization of a null mutation (notabilis) in tomato. We have used LeZEP1 and LeNCED1 as probes to study gene expression in leaves and roots of whole plants given drought treatments, during light/dark cycles, and during dehydration of detached leaves. During drought stress, NCED mRNA increased in both leaves and roots, whereas ZEP mRNA increased in roots but not leaves. When detached leaves were dehydrated, NCED mRNA responded rapidly to small reductions in water content. Using a detached leaf system with ABA-deficient mutants and ABA feeding, we investigated the possibility that NCED mRNA is regulated by the end product of the pathway, ABA, but found no evidence that this is the case. We also describe strong diurnal expression patterns for both ZEP and NCED, with the two genes displaying distinctly different patterns. ZEP mRNA oscillated with a phase very similar to light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) mRNA, and oscillations continued in a 48 h dark period. NCED mRNA oscillated with a different phase and remained low during a 48 h dark period. Implications for regulation of water stress-induced ABA biosynthesis are discussed.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera