Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 27, No. 3, 2001, p. 195. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2001 by Biologiya Morya, Timofeev. REVIEWS About the Book “The Status of Marine Birds Breeding in the Barents Sea Region” [Eds. T. Anker-Nilssen, V. Bakken, Y. Strom, A.N. Golovkin, V.V. Bianki, I.P. Tatarinkova], Tromsø: The Norwegian Polar Institute, 2000, 213 pp. S. F. Timofeev Murmansk Marine Biological Institute, Kol’skii Scientiﬁc Center, Russian Academy of Science Seabirds are the major link of the biosphere interre- information describing feeding habits of each species lating marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Furthermore, are given; (6) problems—attention was paid to factors they are a sensitive indicator of the changes occurring which render or may render in the future negative in the sea under natural effects, e.g., climatic, as well as effects on populations of seabirds; (7) special anthropogenic factors. In this context, the intensity of research—special research into concrete species within research into the various aspects of distribution, biol- the limits of the Barents Sea region (if available); ogy, and ecology of these animals was always main- (8) recommendations—recommendations on planning tained at rather high levels. The Barents Sea region was future research on seabirds, on mapping of colonies, on no exception, where the study of seabirds has a long the organization of system of monitoring of popula- history. This book represents an original result of tions, etc. research into seabirds within the framework of the Rus- In addition, problems concerning the negative sian–Norwegian programs implemented in the 1990s. effects of various factors on seabird populations, are The authorial team totals 11 Norwegian and 11 Russian entered in a special chapter, where the information is scientists. summarized in tables and diagrams. The input of certain The book is simple enough in structure, but is factors to the decrease in the number of seabirds was extremely packed with information describing the state assessed for some areas of the Barents Sea region (prac- of nesting birds in the region of the Barents Sea. The tically everywhere, the ﬁrst place is taken by oil pollution brief description of ecosystems of the Norwegian, Bar- of the marine environment, then destruction of habitats ents, and White Seas anticipates the book. Most of the and consequences of industrial ﬁshing follow). volume is occupied by the chapter “Description of spe- cies” (41 species). The description of each species is The book contains an extensive list of literature conducted under the same pattern: (1) general descrip- devoted to seabirds of the Barents Sea region and six tion—a brief characteristic of occurrence within the appendices. In the appendices, there are data on the gra- limits of geographic range and information on intraspe- dation of protection (gradation of rarity) of some sea- ciﬁc structure (number of subspecies) and on the size of birds nesting in the area, on the coordinates of sites populations; (2) distribution of nesting sites and pre- speciﬁed in the text and maps, on the status of the mon- ferred conditions in the Barents Sea region that are itoring system of seabird populations based on interna- described in detail for the past and present time (maps tional programs directed at studying and protecting sea- of distribution for known colonies with notes on num- birds of Arctic regions, and a list of the Russian-Norwe- ber and information on probable nesting areas for non- gian projects implemented in the 1990s. colonial birds are presented); (3) migrations—data on migrations both for the limits of the geographic range The edition is perfectly illustrated with original ﬁg- and for the Barents Sea region; (4) the state of popula- ures of seabirds of each species (E.Koblik, illustrator), tions and historical tendencies of their dynamics— and as a whole, it is an appreciable contribution to the attention was paid ﬁrst of all to trends of variation in the study of seabirds of the Barents Sea, even though it number of species; (5) ecology of feeding—data on the inspires the doleful question, why is it published in food spectrum in areas where the birds feed and other English instead of in Russian? 1063-0740/01/2703-0195$25.00 © 2001 AI ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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