Abnormal meiosis in bisporic strains of white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus (Lange) imbach

Abnormal meiosis in bisporic strains of white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus (Lange) imbach A formerly developed method of microspreading of mushroom basidial nuclei was applied to study meiotic prophase I in bisporic white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) strains. Meiotic recombination and assemblage of axial structures (axial elements and synaptonemal complexes) of chromosomes in meiotic prophase I are interrelated. It is known that the frequency of meiotic recombination is reduced in the bisporic A. bisporus variety. We showed that formation of axial structures of meiotic chromosomes in bisporic strains of this mushroom was disrupted. The anomalous phenotypes in spread prophase nuclei are diverse. In leptotene and early zygotene, many nuclei contain abnormal, often short, and, as a rule, few chromosomal axial elements. The abnormalities in the formation of synaptonemal complexes at the zygotene-diplotene stage are of the same kind and even more pronounced. We discovered an important feature of meiosis in A. bisporus associated with fruit-body morphogenesis. Meiosis starting in basidia (meiocytes) of young closed fruit bodies is accompanied by disruption of chromatin condensation in prophase I and, probably, is arrested. After partial veil breakage, the course of meiosis normalizes. Preparations with clearly observable chromosomal axial structures can be obtained only at this stage of fruit-body development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Abnormal meiosis in bisporic strains of white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus (Lange) imbach

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Copyright © 2006 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics
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