Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening in Sweden

Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening in Sweden A large body of evidence from four international randomised controlled trials (RCT) on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening indicate that ultrasound-based screening in elderly men with a high prevalence (4 %–7 %) reduces AAA-related mortality by 40 % through early AAA detection and increased preventive elective repair and subsequently halves rupture incidence. Coinciding with the planned launch of national AAA screening programs, a dramatic change in AAA epidemiology became evident: a lower AAA prevalence in the targeted population of men and falling mortality rates, most likely related to a drop in rates of smoking, and a paradoxical increase in elective AAA repairs. These changes have called AAA screening in today’s context into question. Sweden was the first country to provide national coverage with an AAA screening program targeting 65-year-old men. The scientifically evaluated screening initiative, started in 2006, reported the lower than expected prevalence (1.7 %) in 65-year-old men early on. Cost-effectiveness seems to be maintained despite the altered epidemiology, as shown in a health-economic study. The current prevalence of AAA among Swedish women is very low, and general population-based screening of women is likely to be futile, although targeted screening among female smokers should be evaluated. Sub-aneurysmal aortas detected at screening are likely to progress to a true AAA within 5 years, indicating a need for continued surveillance in this group. Differences in screening compliance seem to be linked to socio-economic factors. The aim of this topical review is to highlight AAA screening within a Swedish context and point to areas where information is lacking and further research is needed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Gefässchirurgie Springer Journals

Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening in Sweden

Loading next page...
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2014 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Medicine & Public Health; Vascular Surgery
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial