The comparative study of shoot and root growth was carried out, and the level of ABA therein determined in the mutant af and tl and wild-type isogenic lines of pea. The recessive af mutation transformed the leaflets into tendrils, and the tl mutation transformed the tendrils into leaflets. These mutations did not affect the length and number of internodes. In all plants, the level of ABA in the leaves was 3–10 times greater than in the roots, and in the course of vegetative growth it rose in both organs. An increase in the shoot area of tl mutant did not change the dry weight of underground and above-ground parts; therefore, the ratio shoot/root in the mutant was identical to that in the wild-type plants. The maintenance of shoot dry weight in the tl mutant at the level of wild-type plant while its area considerably increased was accounted for by a decrease in the thickness of the leaflet and stipule blades. The level of ABA in the stipules of mutant plants was greater than in the wild-type plants. A decrease in the shoot area in the af mutant brought about a decline in its dry weight; however, the ratio root/shoot was maintained at the wild-type level due to a reduced accumulation of dry weight by the root. The level of ABA in the roots of the af mutant was twice greater than in the leafy forms. ABA was assumed to participate in the control over the root growth exerted by the shoot. The absence of leaflets in the af plants was partially compensated for by expanding stipules. The level of ABA therein was three times higher than in the plants of wild type and comparable with the level in the leaflets of the tl mutant and in the wild-type plants. The role of ABA in the growth and final size of leaf blades is discussed.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 15, 2006
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