AATF suppresses apoptosis, promotes proliferation and is critical for Kras-driven lung cancer

AATF suppresses apoptosis, promotes proliferation and is critical for Kras-driven lung cancer A fundamental principle in malignant tranformation is the ability of cancer cells to escape the naturally occurring cell-intrinsic responses to DNA damage. Tumors progress despite the accumulation of DNA lesions. However, the underlying mechanisms of this tolerance to genotoxic stress are still poorly characterized. Here, we show that replication stress occurs in Kras-driven murine lung adenocarcinomas, as well as in proliferating murine embryonic and adult tissues. We identify the transcriptional regulator AATF/CHE-1 as a key molecule to sustain proliferative tissues and tumor progression in parts by inhibiting p53-driven apoptosis in vivo. In an autochthonous Kras-driven lung adenocarcinoma model, deletion of Aatf delayed lung cancer formation predominantly in a p53-dependent manner. Moreover, targeting Aatf in existing tumors through a dual recombinase strategy caused a halt in tumor progression. Taken together, these data suggest that AATF may serve as a drug target to treat KRAS-driven malignancies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oncogene Springer Journals
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Publisher
Nature Publishing Group UK
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Medicine/Public Health, general; Internal Medicine; Cell Biology; Human Genetics; Oncology; Apoptosis
ISSN
0950-9232
eISSN
1476-5594
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41388-017-0054-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A fundamental principle in malignant tranformation is the ability of cancer cells to escape the naturally occurring cell-intrinsic responses to DNA damage. Tumors progress despite the accumulation of DNA lesions. However, the underlying mechanisms of this tolerance to genotoxic stress are still poorly characterized. Here, we show that replication stress occurs in Kras-driven murine lung adenocarcinomas, as well as in proliferating murine embryonic and adult tissues. We identify the transcriptional regulator AATF/CHE-1 as a key molecule to sustain proliferative tissues and tumor progression in parts by inhibiting p53-driven apoptosis in vivo. In an autochthonous Kras-driven lung adenocarcinoma model, deletion of Aatf delayed lung cancer formation predominantly in a p53-dependent manner. Moreover, targeting Aatf in existing tumors through a dual recombinase strategy caused a halt in tumor progression. Taken together, these data suggest that AATF may serve as a drug target to treat KRAS-driven malignancies.

Journal

OncogeneSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 11, 2018

References

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