A thylakoidal processing peptidase from the heterokont alga Heterosigma akashiwo

A thylakoidal processing peptidase from the heterokont alga Heterosigma akashiwo Heterokont algae such as diatoms, brown seaweeds and the raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo acquired their chloroplasts via a secondary endosymbiosis involving a red algal endosymbiont and a eukaryote host, resulting in chloroplasts surrounded by four membranes rather than two. The precursor of a nuclear-encoded thylakoid lumen protein, PsbO, from Heterosigma has a presequence composed of a typical ER signal peptide followed by putative stromal and thylakoid targeting domains. A processing enzyme associated with Heterosigma thylakoids cleaved the presequence (with or without the ER signal sequence) in a single step, giving a product of the size of the mature protein. Its sensitivity to a penem inhibitor and insensitivity to other protease inhibitors suggest that it is a member of the Type I signal peptidase family. Furthermore the Heterosigma enzyme appeared to have similar substrate specificity to the pea thylakoidal processing peptidase. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

A thylakoidal processing peptidase from the heterokont alga Heterosigma akashiwo

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1023900100803
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Heterokont algae such as diatoms, brown seaweeds and the raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo acquired their chloroplasts via a secondary endosymbiosis involving a red algal endosymbiont and a eukaryote host, resulting in chloroplasts surrounded by four membranes rather than two. The precursor of a nuclear-encoded thylakoid lumen protein, PsbO, from Heterosigma has a presequence composed of a typical ER signal peptide followed by putative stromal and thylakoid targeting domains. A processing enzyme associated with Heterosigma thylakoids cleaved the presequence (with or without the ER signal sequence) in a single step, giving a product of the size of the mature protein. Its sensitivity to a penem inhibitor and insensitivity to other protease inhibitors suggest that it is a member of the Type I signal peptidase family. Furthermore the Heterosigma enzyme appeared to have similar substrate specificity to the pea thylakoidal processing peptidase.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 7, 2004

References

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