Outwardly oriented H+ gradients greatly enhanced thiamine transport rate in brush border membrane vesicles from duodenal and jejunal mucosa of adult Wistar rats. At a gradient pHin5:pHout7.5, thiamine uptake showed an overshoot, which at 15 sec was three times as large as the uptake observed in the absence of the gradient. Under the same conditions, the binding component of uptake accounted for only 10–13% of intravesicular transport. At the same gradient, the K m and J max values of the saturable component of the thiamine uptake curve after a 6 sec incubation time were 6.2 ± 1.4 μm and 14.9 ± 3 pmol · mg−1 protein · 6 sec−1 respectively. These values were about 3 and 5 times higher, respectively, than those recorded in the absence of H+ gradient. The saturable component of the thiamine antiport had a stoichiometric thiamine: H+ ratio of 1:1 and was inhibited by thiamine analogues, guanidine, guanidine derivatives, inhibitors of the guanidine/H+ antiport, and imipramine. Conversely, the guanidine/H+ antiport was inhibited by unlabeled thiamine and thiamine analogues; omeprazole caused an approximately fourfold increase in thiamine transport rate. In the absence of H+ gradient, changes in transmembrane electrical potential did not affect thiamine uptake. At equilibrium, the percentage membrane-bound thiamine taken up was positively correlated with the pH of the incubation medium, and increased from about 10% at pH 5 to 99% at pH 9.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 15, 1998
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera