A thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus has three different Class I prenyltransferase genes

A thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus has three different Class I... Prenyltransferases (prenyl diphosphate synthases), which are a broad group of enzymes that catalyze the consecutive condensation of homoallylic diphosphate of isopentenyl diphosphates (IPP, C5) with allylic diphosphates to synthesize prenyl diphosphates of various chain lengths, have highly conserved regions in their amino acid sequences. Based on the above information, three prenyltransferase homologue genes were cloned from a thermophilic cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus. Through analyses of the reaction products of the enzymes encoded by these genes, it was revealed that one encodes a thermolabile geranylgeranyl (C20) diphosphate synthase, another encodes a farnesyl (C15) diphosphate synthase whose optimal reaction temperature is 60 °C, and the third one encodes a prenyltransferase whose optimal reaction temperature is 75 °C. The last enzyme could catalyze the synthesis of five prenyl diphosphates of farnesyl, geranylgeranyl, geranylfarnesyl (C25), hexaprenyl (C30), and heptaprenyl (C35) diphosphates from dimethylallyl (C5) diphosphate, geranyl (C20) diphosphate, or farnesyl diphosphate as the allylic substrates. The product specificity of this novel kind of enzyme varied according to the ratio of the allylic and homoallylic substrates. The situations of these three S. elongatus enzymes in a phylogenetic tree of prenyltransferases are discussed in comparison with a mesophilic cyanobacterium of Synechocystis PCC6803, whose complete genome has been reported by Kaneko et al. (1996). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

A thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus has three different Class I prenyltransferase genes

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006295705142
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Prenyltransferases (prenyl diphosphate synthases), which are a broad group of enzymes that catalyze the consecutive condensation of homoallylic diphosphate of isopentenyl diphosphates (IPP, C5) with allylic diphosphates to synthesize prenyl diphosphates of various chain lengths, have highly conserved regions in their amino acid sequences. Based on the above information, three prenyltransferase homologue genes were cloned from a thermophilic cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus. Through analyses of the reaction products of the enzymes encoded by these genes, it was revealed that one encodes a thermolabile geranylgeranyl (C20) diphosphate synthase, another encodes a farnesyl (C15) diphosphate synthase whose optimal reaction temperature is 60 °C, and the third one encodes a prenyltransferase whose optimal reaction temperature is 75 °C. The last enzyme could catalyze the synthesis of five prenyl diphosphates of farnesyl, geranylgeranyl, geranylfarnesyl (C25), hexaprenyl (C30), and heptaprenyl (C35) diphosphates from dimethylallyl (C5) diphosphate, geranyl (C20) diphosphate, or farnesyl diphosphate as the allylic substrates. The product specificity of this novel kind of enzyme varied according to the ratio of the allylic and homoallylic substrates. The situations of these three S. elongatus enzymes in a phylogenetic tree of prenyltransferases are discussed in comparison with a mesophilic cyanobacterium of Synechocystis PCC6803, whose complete genome has been reported by Kaneko et al. (1996).

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 30, 2004

References

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