Hot stamping of high-strength steel is an innovative technology to achieve automobile lightweight and guarantee security simultaneously. However, the formability of high-strength steel is still limited at elevated temperatures by the evolution of void damage inside materials. Thus, the establishment of an efficient forming limit prediction method is urgently demanded. In the present work, the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model is extended by containing Hosford anisotropic yield criterion which can characterize void damage in normal anisotropic materials. The flow behavior of matrix material 22MnB5 at different forming temperatures is simulated by the modified Norton-Hoff hardening law. And the damage-related parameters are calibrated through FEM inverse analysis. Furthermore, the prediction method of forming limit combined with void damage is realized within the framework of the Marciniak and Kuczynski (M-K) model. Meanwhile, the high-temperature Nakazima test is conducted to obtain experimental thermal forming limit diagram (TFLD). The comparison of results by theoretical prediction and experimental test shows good consistency. Based on the proposed method, the effects of temperature, void damage, initial thickness imperfection, and anisotropy on the forming limit are analyzed. The formability improved with the increasing of deformation temperature but worse for other factors.
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2017
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