A temperature-dependent inhibitory activity of serum on the capacity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae -derived hepatitis B surface antigen to bind to monocytes

A temperature-dependent inhibitory activity of serum on the capacity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae... Hepatitis B surface antigen, when produced in yeast (rHBsAg), is capable of binding to cells that express the lipopolysaccharide coreceptor CD14. This interaction is enhanced by a serum protein, the lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP). Here we report that most of the rHBsAg particles that attached to monocytes at 0 °C, were not endocytosed but were released back into the serum-containing binding buffer at 37 °C. Additionally, serum-dependent binding at 37 °C was weak when compared to the serum-dependent attachment at 0 °C. Pre-incubation at 37 °C of cells together with serum did not abolish binding of freshly added rHBsAg at 0 °C. However, pre-incubation of rHBsAg with serum at 37 °C reduced attachment to cells following incubation at 0 °C. Soluble CD14 and LBP, two serum proteins which can act as phospholipid transfer molecules, were shown not to be responsible for the inhibitory effect. Pre-incubation at 37 °C of rHBsAg in serum-free hepatoma cell line-conditioned media resulted in a pronounced reduction in subsequent binding to cells at 0 °C. These observations suggest that the temperature-dependent inhibitory effect is caused by serum factors that are probably secreted by hepatocytes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

A temperature-dependent inhibitory activity of serum on the capacity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae -derived hepatitis B surface antigen to bind to monocytes

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-004-0416-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hepatitis B surface antigen, when produced in yeast (rHBsAg), is capable of binding to cells that express the lipopolysaccharide coreceptor CD14. This interaction is enhanced by a serum protein, the lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP). Here we report that most of the rHBsAg particles that attached to monocytes at 0 °C, were not endocytosed but were released back into the serum-containing binding buffer at 37 °C. Additionally, serum-dependent binding at 37 °C was weak when compared to the serum-dependent attachment at 0 °C. Pre-incubation at 37 °C of cells together with serum did not abolish binding of freshly added rHBsAg at 0 °C. However, pre-incubation of rHBsAg with serum at 37 °C reduced attachment to cells following incubation at 0 °C. Soluble CD14 and LBP, two serum proteins which can act as phospholipid transfer molecules, were shown not to be responsible for the inhibitory effect. Pre-incubation at 37 °C of rHBsAg in serum-free hepatoma cell line-conditioned media resulted in a pronounced reduction in subsequent binding to cells at 0 °C. These observations suggest that the temperature-dependent inhibitory effect is caused by serum factors that are probably secreted by hepatocytes.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2005

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