Purpose of Review The addictions field lacks a coherent framework for strategies to reduce harm arising from the consumption of alcohol. We need to be able to clarify the mechanisms by which key strategies operate, and encompass aetiological factors that do not involve drinking. Recent Findings We outline population and high-risk individual strategies focused on supply- and demand-side factors and propose a system laid out in two tables, for classifying consumption-focused and non-consumption-focused countermeasures. Summary Some countermeasures belong in more than one cell, reflecting more than one underlying mechanism. The taxonomy will aid the synthesis of a vast scientific literature and guide new countermeasure development, evaluation, and policy. . . . . . Keywords Alcohol Policy Countermeasure Strategy Framework Taxonomy Introduction bilistic causation, in which consumption of alcohol increases the likelihood of injury or disease in combination with other We define alcohol harm as diminished health due to injury or variables. In other words, injury or disease may not occur even disease caused at least in part by the consumption of alcohol. in the presence of heavy alcohol consumption because the The concept of aetiology we adopt follows that of Rothman and combination of contributing causes is not sufficient.
Current Addiction Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 21, 2018