A study of the geogrid–subballast interface via experimental evaluation and discrete element modelling

A study of the geogrid–subballast interface via experimental evaluation and discrete element... This paper presents a study of the interface of geogrid reinforced subballast through a series of large-scale direct shear tests and discrete element modelling. Direct shear tests were carried out for subballast with and without geogrid inclusions under varying normal stresses of $$\sigma _n =6.7$$ σ n = 6.7 to $$45\hbox { kPa}$$ 45 kPa . Numerical modelling with three-dimensional discrete element method (DEM) was used to study the shear behaviour of the interface of subballast reinforced by geogrids. In this study, groups of 25–50 spherical balls are clumped together in appropriate sizes to simulate angular subballast grains, while the geogrid is modelled by bonding small spheres together to form the desired grid geometry and apertures. The calculated results of the shear stress ratio versus shear strain show a good agreement with the experimental data, indicating that the DEM model can capture the interface behaviour of subballast reinforced by geogrids. A micromechanical analysis has also been carried out to examine how the contact force distributions and fabric anisotropy evolve during shearing. This study shows that the shear strength of the interface is governed by the geogrid characteristics (i.e. their geometry and opening apertures). Of the three types of geogrid tested, triaxial geogrid (triangular apertures) exhibits higher interface shear strength than the biaxial geogrids; and this is believed due to multi-directional load distribution of the triaxial geogrid. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Granular Matter Springer Journals

A study of the geogrid–subballast interface via experimental evaluation and discrete element modelling

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-study-of-the-geogrid-subballast-interface-via-experimental-JEw6bPpjBD
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Physics; Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Materials Science, general; Geoengineering, Foundations, Hydraulics; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
1434-5021
eISSN
1434-7636
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10035-017-0743-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper presents a study of the interface of geogrid reinforced subballast through a series of large-scale direct shear tests and discrete element modelling. Direct shear tests were carried out for subballast with and without geogrid inclusions under varying normal stresses of $$\sigma _n =6.7$$ σ n = 6.7 to $$45\hbox { kPa}$$ 45 kPa . Numerical modelling with three-dimensional discrete element method (DEM) was used to study the shear behaviour of the interface of subballast reinforced by geogrids. In this study, groups of 25–50 spherical balls are clumped together in appropriate sizes to simulate angular subballast grains, while the geogrid is modelled by bonding small spheres together to form the desired grid geometry and apertures. The calculated results of the shear stress ratio versus shear strain show a good agreement with the experimental data, indicating that the DEM model can capture the interface behaviour of subballast reinforced by geogrids. A micromechanical analysis has also been carried out to examine how the contact force distributions and fabric anisotropy evolve during shearing. This study shows that the shear strength of the interface is governed by the geogrid characteristics (i.e. their geometry and opening apertures). Of the three types of geogrid tested, triaxial geogrid (triangular apertures) exhibits higher interface shear strength than the biaxial geogrids; and this is believed due to multi-directional load distribution of the triaxial geogrid.

Journal

Granular MatterSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 6, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off