This paper describes an experimental investigation of the interaction between the boundary layer on a horizontal floor of a shallow open channel flow and the wake of a thin flat plate mounted vertically on the floor of the channel. The nominal thickness of the flat plate was limited to 2 mm in order to minimize the effect of the flume side walls on the generated wake. Two flat plate chord to thickness ratios (10 and 25) and two depths of flow (50 and 80 mm) were considered. The boundary layer thickness of the approaching flow was comparable with the depth of flow. The recovery of the boundary layer is then studied by observing the characteristics of the velocity profile downstream of the flat plate along the wake axis. The results indicate that the recovery process is slow, and that it is clearly non-monotonic. When compared with the approaching flow, the streamwise turbulence intensity values increase in the near-wake region followed by a gradual but slow decrease with increasing axial distance. Neither mean nor higher-order moments indicate a complete recovery even at large distances from the wake generator. The present results also indicate that the inner region appears to develop more quickly than the outer flow. Since the development of the quasi-two-dimensional wake is also of interest, velocity measurements are also presented along the wake cross-section. These velocity profiles indicate that the wake effects are still prevalent at 200 plate widths downstream of the wake generator. Through a proper choice of scaling variables, the mean velocity profiles across the wake can be collapsed onto a single curve, indicating a sense of similarity.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: May 7, 2001
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