A site-directed mutagenesis interrogation of the carboxy-terminal end of Arabidopsis thaliana threonine dehydratase/deaminase reveals a synergistic interaction between two effector-binding sites and contributes to the development of a novel selectable marker

A site-directed mutagenesis interrogation of the carboxy-terminal end of Arabidopsis thaliana... We fused four mutant omr1 alleles, encoding feedback-insensitive forms of Arabidopsis thaliana biosynthetic threonine dehydratase/deaminase (TD), to the CaMV 35S promoter and transformed these constructs into A. thaliana Columbia wild type plants. The mutant TD forms consisted of our previously isolated double mutant, omr1-1, and three new site-directed mutants, omr1-5, omr1-7, and omr1-8with single point mutations. We employed site-directed mutagenesis to assay the effects of amino acid substitutions in separate regulatory regions within the carboxy-terminal (C-term) allosteric end. TD assays and growth resistance to the isoleucine (Ile) toxic analog -O-methylthreonine (OMT) confirmed the desensitization to feedback inhibition and the viability of these mutant omr1 alleles as selectable markers, respectively. Two of the site-directed mutants, omr1-5 and omr1-7, appeared to influence one of the two separate Ile-binding sites and had a notable 13-fold and 15-fold increase in free Ile, respectively. The omr1-8 appeared to influence the other Ile-binding site and resulted in a 2-fold increase in free Ile. The transgenic omr1-1 double mutant affecting both Ile-binding sites, however, displayed a 106-fold increase in free Ile revealing a profound synergistic interplay between these separate Ile-binding sites. While all of the four omr1 alleles conferred resistance to elevated concentrations of OMT, the progeny of omr1-1 initial transformants exhibited a bushy phenotype at the rosette stage. On the other hand, progeny of transformants omr1-5, omr1-7, and omr1-8 had a normal phenotype, undistinguishable from wild type. Therefore, alleles omr1-5, omr1-7, and omr1-8, proved to be ideal as environmentally-friendly, dominant, selectable markers for plant transformation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

A site-directed mutagenesis interrogation of the carboxy-terminal end of Arabidopsis thaliana threonine dehydratase/deaminase reveals a synergistic interaction between two effector-binding sites and contributes to the development of a novel selectable marker

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-site-directed-mutagenesis-interrogation-of-the-carboxy-terminal-end-qQEHO5ACN0
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-004-0500-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We fused four mutant omr1 alleles, encoding feedback-insensitive forms of Arabidopsis thaliana biosynthetic threonine dehydratase/deaminase (TD), to the CaMV 35S promoter and transformed these constructs into A. thaliana Columbia wild type plants. The mutant TD forms consisted of our previously isolated double mutant, omr1-1, and three new site-directed mutants, omr1-5, omr1-7, and omr1-8with single point mutations. We employed site-directed mutagenesis to assay the effects of amino acid substitutions in separate regulatory regions within the carboxy-terminal (C-term) allosteric end. TD assays and growth resistance to the isoleucine (Ile) toxic analog -O-methylthreonine (OMT) confirmed the desensitization to feedback inhibition and the viability of these mutant omr1 alleles as selectable markers, respectively. Two of the site-directed mutants, omr1-5 and omr1-7, appeared to influence one of the two separate Ile-binding sites and had a notable 13-fold and 15-fold increase in free Ile, respectively. The omr1-8 appeared to influence the other Ile-binding site and resulted in a 2-fold increase in free Ile. The transgenic omr1-1 double mutant affecting both Ile-binding sites, however, displayed a 106-fold increase in free Ile revealing a profound synergistic interplay between these separate Ile-binding sites. While all of the four omr1 alleles conferred resistance to elevated concentrations of OMT, the progeny of omr1-1 initial transformants exhibited a bushy phenotype at the rosette stage. On the other hand, progeny of transformants omr1-5, omr1-7, and omr1-8 had a normal phenotype, undistinguishable from wild type. Therefore, alleles omr1-5, omr1-7, and omr1-8, proved to be ideal as environmentally-friendly, dominant, selectable markers for plant transformation.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 30, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off