Ecol Res DOI 10.1007/s11284-018-1626-9 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Keito Kobayashi Kanehiro Kitayama Yusuke Onoda A simple method to estimate the rate of the bamboo expansion based on one-time measurement of spatial distribution of culms Received: 24 February 2018 / Accepted: 11 May 2018 The Ecological Society of Japan 2018 Abstract Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) groves plants such as for foods, building materials, textiles and have been expanding in Japanese forests, thus an ornaments. Bamboos typically have clonal growth assessment of the rate of bamboo grove expansion is a strategy with rhizomes, and they can be classiﬁed into critical issue. Previous studies used time-series data two major groups; ‘‘clumping’’ (sympodial or pachy- which span typically more than a few years in order to morph) and ‘‘running’’ (monopodial or leptomorph) determine the expansion of bamboo groves. This meth- (McClure 1966). The latter group tends to spread widely od cannot be used when time-series data were not with their rhizomes and can be invasive species in non- available. In this study, we developed and tested a simple native areas (Canavan et al. 2017). indicator based on one-time measurement of spatial Moso bamboo, also called as giant bamboo (Phyl- distribution of culms to estimate the
Ecological Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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