In this paper the static response of a masonry arch is studied by way of a one-dimensional nonlinear elastic model in which masonry is regarded as a material with bounded tensile and compressive strengths. By following an approach analogous to that followed in the theory of bending of elastic beams, the equilibrium problem for the arch leads to a free-boundary, nonlinear differential problem. An approximate solution to such problem can be pursued by means of an ad hoc iterative procedure, illustrated in detail herein. The results obtained in three case studies are compared with some numerical and experimental results available in the literature. In addition, the case of an actual arch undergoing spreading of the springings is considered, and the distribution and possible evolution of the cracking pattern discussed.
Meccanica – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 14, 2017
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