A separation defect of tapetum cells and microspore mother cells results in male sterility in Brassica napus: the role of abscisic acid in early anther development

A separation defect of tapetum cells and microspore mother cells results in male sterility in... Male sterility is an important contributor to heterosis in Brassica napus L. The B. napus line 7-7365ABC is a recessive epistatic genic male sterile (REGMS) three-line system. The 7-7365A line with the genotype Bnms3ms3ms4ms4RfRf is male-sterile, while the 7-7365B line with the genotype BnMs3ms3ms4ms4RfRf is male-fertile, and 7-7365C with homozygous recessive genotypes at the three loci shows male fertility because the loss function of Bnrf gene causes the inhibition of the genetic trait of the double mutant Bnms3 Bnms4. Histological studies addressing male sterility, transcriptional regulation pathways and the role of abscisic acid (ABA) in the anther development of REGMS plants are reported here. In the male-sterile line 7-7365A, tapetum cell and microspore mother cell separation were affected, and this led to failure of microspore release. The activity of polygalacturonase and the expression of the pectin methylesterase gene (AT3g06830) were significantly downregulated. Nine genes were downregulated in 7-7365A compared to 7-7365B and 7-7365C, including genes specifically expressed in tapetum (A3, A9, MS1) and the ABA-responsive gene KIN1. ABA concentration in 7-7365B was significantly higher than in 7-7365A and 7-7365C in young flower buds. Furthermore, temperature treatment made some sterile 7-7365A flowers become fertile. The stamens in these flowers produced viable pollen, and filament elongation was restored to its level in 7-7365C. We propose that ABA might control the expression of genes involved in cell separation during early anther development. The REGMS phenotype could be controlled by a primary pathway of male sterile metabolism positively regulated by the BnMs3 gene and a supplementary pathway negatively regulated by the BnRf gene. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

A separation defect of tapetum cells and microspore mother cells results in male sterility in Brassica napus: the role of abscisic acid in early anther development

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-separation-defect-of-tapetum-cells-and-microspore-mother-cells-qJS1vdWT8d
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-009-9556-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Male sterility is an important contributor to heterosis in Brassica napus L. The B. napus line 7-7365ABC is a recessive epistatic genic male sterile (REGMS) three-line system. The 7-7365A line with the genotype Bnms3ms3ms4ms4RfRf is male-sterile, while the 7-7365B line with the genotype BnMs3ms3ms4ms4RfRf is male-fertile, and 7-7365C with homozygous recessive genotypes at the three loci shows male fertility because the loss function of Bnrf gene causes the inhibition of the genetic trait of the double mutant Bnms3 Bnms4. Histological studies addressing male sterility, transcriptional regulation pathways and the role of abscisic acid (ABA) in the anther development of REGMS plants are reported here. In the male-sterile line 7-7365A, tapetum cell and microspore mother cell separation were affected, and this led to failure of microspore release. The activity of polygalacturonase and the expression of the pectin methylesterase gene (AT3g06830) were significantly downregulated. Nine genes were downregulated in 7-7365A compared to 7-7365B and 7-7365C, including genes specifically expressed in tapetum (A3, A9, MS1) and the ABA-responsive gene KIN1. ABA concentration in 7-7365B was significantly higher than in 7-7365A and 7-7365C in young flower buds. Furthermore, temperature treatment made some sterile 7-7365A flowers become fertile. The stamens in these flowers produced viable pollen, and filament elongation was restored to its level in 7-7365C. We propose that ABA might control the expression of genes involved in cell separation during early anther development. The REGMS phenotype could be controlled by a primary pathway of male sterile metabolism positively regulated by the BnMs3 gene and a supplementary pathway negatively regulated by the BnRf gene.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 28, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off