Arch Virol (2013) 158:1093–1098 DOI 10.1007/s00705-012-1580-8 BRIEF REPORT A second quadrivirus strain from the phytopathogenic ﬁlamentous fungus Rosellinia necatrix • • • Yu-Hsin Lin Sakae Hisano Hajime Yaegashi Satoko Kanematsu Nobuhiro Suzuki Received: 8 October 2012 / Accepted: 15 November 2012 / Published online: 1 January 2013 Springer-Verlag Wien 2012 Abstract Over the past few decades, extensive surveys for mycoviruses infecting fungi have led to the identiﬁcation We report the biological and molecular characterisation of of a number of novel viruses and have greatly expanded a second quadrivirus strain termed Rosellinia necatrix our knowledge of the molecular diversity and evolution of quadrivirus 1 strain W1118 (RnQV1-W1118) from the viruses [3, 4, 15, 27]. While some fungal viruses have ascomycete white root rot fungus. Commonalities with the positive-sense (?) single-stranded (ss) RNA genomes, ﬁrst quadrivirus (RnQV1-W1075) include its quadripartite many have double-stranded (ds) RNA genomes [8, 16, 17]. genome structure, spherical particle morphology, sequence The encapsidated dsRNA mycoviruses are now classiﬁed heterogeneity in the extreme terminal end, 72–82% into six families: Reoviridae, Totiviridae, Chrysoviridae, sequence identity between the corresponding proteins, and Partitiviridae, Megabirnaviridae and the proposed family its ability to cause a latent infection. Distinguishing fea- ‘‘Quadriviridae’’. It should be
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: May 1, 2013
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