A role for Arabidopsis dynamin related proteins DRP2A/B in endocytosis; DRP2 function is essential for plant growth

A role for Arabidopsis dynamin related proteins DRP2A/B in endocytosis; DRP2 function is... Endocytosis is an essential cellular process that allows cells to internalise proteins and lipid from the plasma membrane to change its composition and sense and respond to alterations in their extracellular environment. In animal cells, the protein dynamin is involved in membrane scission during endocytosis, allowing invaginating vesicles to become internalised. Arabidopsis encodes two proteins that have all the domains essential for function in the animal dynamins, Dynamin Related Proteins 2A and 2B (DRP2A and 2B). These proteins show very high sequence identity and are both expressed throughout the plant. Single mutants exhibited no obvious phenotypes but double mutants could be recovered as gametophytes carrying mutant copies of both DRP2A and DRP2B were not transmitted to the next generation. Immunolabelling localised DRP2A/B to the tips of root hairs, a site where rapid endocytosis takes place. Constitutive expression of a GTPase defective Dominant Negative form of DRP2A/B did not allow the recovery of plants expressing this protein at a detectable level, demonstrating an interference with endogenous dynamin. Using an inducible expression system Dominant Negative protein was transiently expressed at levels several fold that of the endogenous proteins. Inducible expression of the Dominant Negative protein resulted in reduced endocytosis at the tips of root hairs, as measured by internalisation of an endocytic tracer dye, and resulted in root hairs bulging and bursting. Together these data support a role for DRP2A/B in endocytosis in Arabidopsis, and demonstrates that the function of at least one of these closely related proteins is essential for plant growth. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

A role for Arabidopsis dynamin related proteins DRP2A/B in endocytosis; DRP2 function is essential for plant growth

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-role-for-arabidopsis-dynamin-related-proteins-drp2a-b-in-endocytosis-X8ky1MAb7x
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-011-9773-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Endocytosis is an essential cellular process that allows cells to internalise proteins and lipid from the plasma membrane to change its composition and sense and respond to alterations in their extracellular environment. In animal cells, the protein dynamin is involved in membrane scission during endocytosis, allowing invaginating vesicles to become internalised. Arabidopsis encodes two proteins that have all the domains essential for function in the animal dynamins, Dynamin Related Proteins 2A and 2B (DRP2A and 2B). These proteins show very high sequence identity and are both expressed throughout the plant. Single mutants exhibited no obvious phenotypes but double mutants could be recovered as gametophytes carrying mutant copies of both DRP2A and DRP2B were not transmitted to the next generation. Immunolabelling localised DRP2A/B to the tips of root hairs, a site where rapid endocytosis takes place. Constitutive expression of a GTPase defective Dominant Negative form of DRP2A/B did not allow the recovery of plants expressing this protein at a detectable level, demonstrating an interference with endogenous dynamin. Using an inducible expression system Dominant Negative protein was transiently expressed at levels several fold that of the endogenous proteins. Inducible expression of the Dominant Negative protein resulted in reduced endocytosis at the tips of root hairs, as measured by internalisation of an endocytic tracer dye, and resulted in root hairs bulging and bursting. Together these data support a role for DRP2A/B in endocytosis in Arabidopsis, and demonstrates that the function of at least one of these closely related proteins is essential for plant growth.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 3, 2011

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off