A robust approach for finding all well-separated solutions of sparse systems of nonlinear equations

A robust approach for finding all well-separated solutions of sparse systems of nonlinear equations Tearing is a long-established decomposition technique, widely adapted across many engineering fields. It reduces the task of solving a large and sparse nonlinear system of equations to that of solving a sequence of low-dimensional ones. The most serious weakness of this approach is well-known: It may suffer from severe numerical instability. The present paper resolves this flaw for the first time. The new approach requires reasonable bound constraints on the variables. The worst-case time complexity of the algorithm is exponential in the size of the largest subproblem of the decomposed system. Although there is no theoretical guarantee that all solutions will be found in the general case, increasing the so-called sample size parameter of the method improves robustness. This is demonstrated on two particularly challenging problems. Our first example is the steady-state simulation a challenging distillation column, belonging to an infamous class of problems where tearing often fails due to numerical instability. This column has three solutions, one of which is missed using tearing, but even with problem-specific methods that are not based on tearing. The other example is the Stewart–Gough platform with 40 real solutions, an extensively studied benchmark in the field of numerical algebraic geometry. For both examples, all solutions are found with a fairly small amount of sampling. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Numerical Algorithms Springer Journals

A robust approach for finding all well-separated solutions of sparse systems of nonlinear equations

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by The Author(s)
Subject
Computer Science; Numeric Computing; Algorithms; Algebra; Theory of Computation; Numerical Analysis
ISSN
1017-1398
eISSN
1572-9265
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11075-016-0249-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Tearing is a long-established decomposition technique, widely adapted across many engineering fields. It reduces the task of solving a large and sparse nonlinear system of equations to that of solving a sequence of low-dimensional ones. The most serious weakness of this approach is well-known: It may suffer from severe numerical instability. The present paper resolves this flaw for the first time. The new approach requires reasonable bound constraints on the variables. The worst-case time complexity of the algorithm is exponential in the size of the largest subproblem of the decomposed system. Although there is no theoretical guarantee that all solutions will be found in the general case, increasing the so-called sample size parameter of the method improves robustness. This is demonstrated on two particularly challenging problems. Our first example is the steady-state simulation a challenging distillation column, belonging to an infamous class of problems where tearing often fails due to numerical instability. This column has three solutions, one of which is missed using tearing, but even with problem-specific methods that are not based on tearing. The other example is the Stewart–Gough platform with 40 real solutions, an extensively studied benchmark in the field of numerical algebraic geometry. For both examples, all solutions are found with a fairly small amount of sampling.

Journal

Numerical AlgorithmsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 17, 2016

References

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