The XIST gene plays an essential role in X Chromosome (Chr) inactivation during the early development of female humans. It is believed that the XIST gene, not encoding a protein, functions as an RNA. The XIST cDNA is unusually long, as its full length is reported to be 16.5 kilobase pairs (kb). Here, comparison of sequences from the genomic interval downstream to the 3′ end of the human XIST gene against the human EST database brought to light a number of human EST sequences that are mapped to the region. Furthermore, PCR amplification of human cDNA libraries and RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (RNA-FISH) demonstrate that the human XIST gene has additional 2.8 kb downstream sequences which have not been documented as a part of the gene. These data show that the full-length XIST cDNA is, in fact, 19.3 kb, not 16.5 kb as previously reported. The newly defined region contains an intron that may be alternatively spliced and seven polyadenylation signal sequences. Sequences in the newly defined region show overall sequence similarity with the 3′ terminal region of mouse Xist, and three subregions exhibit quite high sequence conservation. Interestingly, the new intron spans the first two subregions that are absent in one of the two isoforms of mouse Xist. Taken together, we revise the structure of human XIST cDNA and compare cDNA structures between human and mouse XIST/Xist.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 26, 2014
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera