A review on metallic porous materials: pore formation, mechanical properties, and their applications

A review on metallic porous materials: pore formation, mechanical properties, and their applications This paper presents a comprehensive review on the mechanism of pore formation, mechanical properties, and applications of metallic porous materials. The different manufacturing techniques of metallic porous materials using various pore-forming agents (e.g., sodium chloride, polymethyl methacrylate, magnesium, and cenosphere) are highlighted in the first part of this review. Subsequently, the pore formation mechanism and pore morphology in final products as well as corresponding pore-forming agent removal techniques (e.g., sintering-dissolution process, thermally stimulated decomposition, thermally melted elimination, and embedding cenosphere technique) are specifically discussed. Then, some major influential factors on the mechanism of pore formation, including pore size, shape, distribution, and porosity, are analyzed in detail. Meanwhile, the primary mechanical properties such as compressive strength, elastic modulus, fatigue properties, and flexural strength of metallic porous materials depending on pore morphology and porosity are explored in detail. Furthermore, their applications in structural and functional aspects according to their pore morphology and mechanical properties are emphatically summarized. Finally, this review article highlights some important factors for advanced wear-resistant tool and biomedical implant applications of porous metallic materials. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology Springer Journals

A review on metallic porous materials: pore formation, mechanical properties, and their applications

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Engineering; Industrial and Production Engineering; Media Management; Mechanical Engineering; Computer-Aided Engineering (CAD, CAE) and Design
ISSN
0268-3768
eISSN
1433-3015
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00170-017-1415-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper presents a comprehensive review on the mechanism of pore formation, mechanical properties, and applications of metallic porous materials. The different manufacturing techniques of metallic porous materials using various pore-forming agents (e.g., sodium chloride, polymethyl methacrylate, magnesium, and cenosphere) are highlighted in the first part of this review. Subsequently, the pore formation mechanism and pore morphology in final products as well as corresponding pore-forming agent removal techniques (e.g., sintering-dissolution process, thermally stimulated decomposition, thermally melted elimination, and embedding cenosphere technique) are specifically discussed. Then, some major influential factors on the mechanism of pore formation, including pore size, shape, distribution, and porosity, are analyzed in detail. Meanwhile, the primary mechanical properties such as compressive strength, elastic modulus, fatigue properties, and flexural strength of metallic porous materials depending on pore morphology and porosity are explored in detail. Furthermore, their applications in structural and functional aspects according to their pore morphology and mechanical properties are emphatically summarized. Finally, this review article highlights some important factors for advanced wear-resistant tool and biomedical implant applications of porous metallic materials.

Journal

The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 25, 2017

References

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