A review on green Lewis acids: zirconium(IV) oxydichloride octahydrate (ZrOCl2·8H2O) and zirconium(IV) tetrachloride (ZrCl4) in organic chemistry

A review on green Lewis acids: zirconium(IV) oxydichloride octahydrate (ZrOCl2·8H2O) and... Lewis acids are important and interesting catalysts in most organic transformations. Among different Lewis acids, Zr(IV) species such as ZrCl4 and ZrOCl2·8H2O are allocated special attention because of their low toxicity, availability and handling, moisture stability, and low cost in comparison to some of their corresponding compounds. During recent decades, Lewis acids have been used to promote different types of organic reactions because they naturally possess mild acidity properties and, as such, can catalyze reactions selectively. This means that in the presence of various functional groups, they can operate on a specific group to produce the objective product. In this review we have focused on the reactions which have been progressed in the presence of ZrCl4 and ZrOCl2·8H2O. The study has been ordered based on the number of the reaction components and their solvent media. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

A review on green Lewis acids: zirconium(IV) oxydichloride octahydrate (ZrOCl2·8H2O) and zirconium(IV) tetrachloride (ZrCl4) in organic chemistry

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-015-2260-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Lewis acids are important and interesting catalysts in most organic transformations. Among different Lewis acids, Zr(IV) species such as ZrCl4 and ZrOCl2·8H2O are allocated special attention because of their low toxicity, availability and handling, moisture stability, and low cost in comparison to some of their corresponding compounds. During recent decades, Lewis acids have been used to promote different types of organic reactions because they naturally possess mild acidity properties and, as such, can catalyze reactions selectively. This means that in the presence of various functional groups, they can operate on a specific group to produce the objective product. In this review we have focused on the reactions which have been progressed in the presence of ZrCl4 and ZrOCl2·8H2O. The study has been ordered based on the number of the reaction components and their solvent media.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 14, 2015

References

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