A Regime-Level Empirical Model of the Specialist Quote Revision Process

A Regime-Level Empirical Model of the Specialist Quote Revision Process NYSE trading is a continuous auction process distinguished by order flow imbalances and non-coincident revision of the bid and the ask. To deal with the aggregation problem presented by non-coincident revision of the quotes, we propose a regime-level empirical model and use it to test the Brock and Kleidon queuing theory of a continuous auction. Using transactions data for IBM for calendar year 1988, Harris, McInish, and Chakravarity (1995) performed a Hausman-type specification test that confirmed the exogeneity of order flow volumes at the bid and the ask. Extending their work, this paper estimates two simultaneous autoregressive ask and bid equations for 50 randomly selected stocks and contrasts thinly traded and volatile stocks. The results support Brock and Kleidon's distinguishing implication—namely, exogenous increases in trading volume raise the ask and lower the bid. Although some queuing system characteristics prove endogenous in thinly traded stocks and in especially volatile stocks, exogenous order flow volume continues to increase spreads across the 50 stock sample. The paper draws conclusions about the appropriate specification of endogeneity, cross-equation disturbances from the bid to the ask, and cross-equation queuing information flows. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting Springer Journals

A Regime-Level Empirical Model of the Specialist Quote Revision Process

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Finance; Corporate Finance; Accounting/Auditing; Econometrics; Operation Research/Decision Theory
ISSN
0924-865X
eISSN
1573-7179
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1008375911021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

NYSE trading is a continuous auction process distinguished by order flow imbalances and non-coincident revision of the bid and the ask. To deal with the aggregation problem presented by non-coincident revision of the quotes, we propose a regime-level empirical model and use it to test the Brock and Kleidon queuing theory of a continuous auction. Using transactions data for IBM for calendar year 1988, Harris, McInish, and Chakravarity (1995) performed a Hausman-type specification test that confirmed the exogeneity of order flow volumes at the bid and the ask. Extending their work, this paper estimates two simultaneous autoregressive ask and bid equations for 50 randomly selected stocks and contrasts thinly traded and volatile stocks. The results support Brock and Kleidon's distinguishing implication—namely, exogenous increases in trading volume raise the ask and lower the bid. Although some queuing system characteristics prove endogenous in thinly traded stocks and in especially volatile stocks, exogenous order flow volume continues to increase spreads across the 50 stock sample. The paper draws conclusions about the appropriate specification of endogeneity, cross-equation disturbances from the bid to the ask, and cross-equation queuing information flows.

Journal

Review of Quantitative Finance and AccountingSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 8, 2004

References

  • Time and the Process of Security Price Adjustment
    Easley, D.; O'Hara, M.
  • Variations in Trading Volume, Return Volatility, and Trading Costs: evidence on recent price formation
    Foster, F.D.; Viswanathan, S.

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