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A Recombinant Probiotic, Lactobacillus casei, Expressing the Clostridium perfringens α-toxoid, as an Orally Vaccine Candidate Against Gas Gangrene and Necrotic Enteritis

A Recombinant Probiotic, Lactobacillus casei, Expressing the Clostridium perfringens α-toxoid, as... The alpha-toxin is one of the virulence factors of Clostridium perfringens for gas gangrene in humans and animals or necrotic enteritis in poultry. The C-terminal domain of this toxin ( cpa 247-370 ) was synthesized and cloned into pT1NX vector to construct the pT1NX-alpha plasmid. This surface-expressing plasmid was electroporated into Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393, generating the recombinant L. casei strain expressing alpha-toxoid (LC-α strain). Expression of this modified alpha-toxoid was confirmed by SDS-PAGE, immunoblotting, and direct immunofluorescence microscopy. BALB/c mice, immunized orally by the recombinant LC-α strain, elicited mucosal and significantly humoral immune responses (p < 0.05) and developed a protection against 900 MLD/mL of the standard alpha-toxin. This study showed that this recombinant LC-α strain could be a promising vaccine candidate against gas gangrene and necrotic enteritis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins Springer Journals

A Recombinant Probiotic, Lactobacillus casei, Expressing the Clostridium perfringens α-toxoid, as an Orally Vaccine Candidate Against Gas Gangrene and Necrotic Enteritis

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Applied Microbiology; Microbiology; Protein Science; Nutrition
ISSN
1867-1306
eISSN
1867-1314
DOI
10.1007/s12602-017-9276-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The alpha-toxin is one of the virulence factors of Clostridium perfringens for gas gangrene in humans and animals or necrotic enteritis in poultry. The C-terminal domain of this toxin ( cpa 247-370 ) was synthesized and cloned into pT1NX vector to construct the pT1NX-alpha plasmid. This surface-expressing plasmid was electroporated into Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393, generating the recombinant L. casei strain expressing alpha-toxoid (LC-α strain). Expression of this modified alpha-toxoid was confirmed by SDS-PAGE, immunoblotting, and direct immunofluorescence microscopy. BALB/c mice, immunized orally by the recombinant LC-α strain, elicited mucosal and significantly humoral immune responses (p < 0.05) and developed a protection against 900 MLD/mL of the standard alpha-toxin. This study showed that this recombinant LC-α strain could be a promising vaccine candidate against gas gangrene and necrotic enteritis.

Journal

Probiotics and Antimicrobial ProteinsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 11, 2017

References