Adjusting the part shape with complex flanges to compensate springback deformation is key to forming shape design for manufacturing rapidly and precisely. Classical forming shape design by displacement adjustment (DA) method using finite element (FE) simulation is usually time-consuming and not accurate enough for complex surface part in industrial application. In this paper, the forming shape is modeled by changing the relations of geometric features of part model with the new flange control surfaces directly. Control surface processing (CSP) method is presented including control surface trimming, cross section division, springback compensation, and extending to design forming shape model of doubly curved flange part with joggles rapidly. The algorithms of cross section curves division of control surfaces and subsequent subdivision of each curve with circular arc and line segments are proposed. A case-based reasoning (CBR) technique and gray relation analysis (GRA) are used to support the intelligent springback prediction of each bending segment of the cross section curve. The geometric data of control surface is expressed in XML format to realize the integration of the CAD-based tools of control surface division and compensation with the Web-based springback prediction system. The approach is demonstrated on an industrial aircraft wing rib part. The forming shape model could be designed rapidly by comparison with DA method. The part shape deviations of flange angle (−0.465° ~ 0.528°) and surface position (−0.3 mm ~ 0.3 mm) were detected by comparing the desired geometry with the actual digital formed part shape, and the results indicate that the approach can achieve the industrial part manufacturing rapidly and precisely.
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 16, 2017
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