A quantum walk on the half line with a particular initial state

A quantum walk on the half line with a particular initial state Quantum walks are considered to be quantum counterparts of random walks. They show us impressive probability distributions which are different from those of random walks. That fact has been precisely proved in terms of mathematics and some of the results were reported as limit theorems. When we analyze quantum walks, some conventional methods are used for the computations; especially, the Fourier analysis has played a role to do that. It is, however, compatible with some types of quantum walks (e.g., quantum walks on the line with a spatially homogeneous dynamics) and cannot well work on the derivation of limit theorems for all the quantum walks. In this paper, we try to obtain a limit theorem for a quantum walk on the half line by the usage of the Fourier analysis. Substituting a quantum walk on the line for it, we will lead to a possibility that the Fourier analysis is useful to compute a limit distribution of the quantum walk on the half line. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

A quantum walk on the half line with a particular initial state

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-016-1351-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Quantum walks are considered to be quantum counterparts of random walks. They show us impressive probability distributions which are different from those of random walks. That fact has been precisely proved in terms of mathematics and some of the results were reported as limit theorems. When we analyze quantum walks, some conventional methods are used for the computations; especially, the Fourier analysis has played a role to do that. It is, however, compatible with some types of quantum walks (e.g., quantum walks on the line with a spatially homogeneous dynamics) and cannot well work on the derivation of limit theorems for all the quantum walks. In this paper, we try to obtain a limit theorem for a quantum walk on the half line by the usage of the Fourier analysis. Substituting a quantum walk on the line for it, we will lead to a possibility that the Fourier analysis is useful to compute a limit distribution of the quantum walk on the half line.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2016

References

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