Residual deformation of fragments of the embryonic tissues preserved after relaxation of the stretching force serve as a criterion of active redistribution of their cells caused by this stretching. We measured residual deformations of the Xenopus laevis ventral and dorsal ectoderm at the early gastrula and lateral ectoderm at the late gastrula-early neurula after stretching of varying time and force. While the samples responded to moderate (up to 40%) short-term stretching as elastic bodies (residual deformations were absent), residual deformation appeared in the early gastrula tissues after 30–60-min stretching, which were more pronounced in the ventral tissues than in the dorsal ones. On the contrary, a contractile reaction developed in the late gastrula-early neurula tissues in response to 60-min stretching, which almost relaxed residual deformation within 20 min after unloading. A conclusion was drawn that gastrulation and neurulation proceed under the conditions of relaxing and nonrelaxing mechanical tensions, respectively. Mechanical bases and morphogenetic role of the described reactions is discussed.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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