A proposed new bacteriophage subfamily: “ Jerseyvirinae ”

A proposed new bacteriophage subfamily: “ Jerseyvirinae ” Based on morphology and comparative nucleotide and protein sequence analysis, a new subfamily of the family Siphoviridae is proposed, named “ Jerseyvirinae ” and consisting of three genera, “ Jerseylikevirus ”, “ Sp3unalikevirus ” and “ K1glikevirus ”. To date, this subfamily consists of 18 phages for which the genomes have been sequenced. Salmonella phages Jersey, vB_SenS_AG11, vB_SenS-Ent1, vB_SenS-Ent2, vB_SenS-Ent3, FSL SP-101, SETP3, SETP7, SETP13, SE2, SS3e and wksl3 form the proposed genus “ Jerseylikevirus ”. The proposed genus “ K1glikevirus ” consists of Escherichia phages K1G, K1H, K1ind1, K1ind2 and K1ind3. The proposed genus “ Sp3unalikevirus ” contains one member so far. Jersey-like phages appear to be widely distributed, as the above phages were isolated in the UK, Canada, the USA and South Korea between 1970 and the present day. The distinguishing features of this subfamily include a distinct siphovirus morphotype, genomes of 40.7-43.6 kb (49.6-51.4 mol % G+C), a syntenic genome organisation, and a high degree of nucleotide sequence identity and shared proteins. All known members of the proposed subfamily are strictly lytic. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-015-2344-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Based on morphology and comparative nucleotide and protein sequence analysis, a new subfamily of the family Siphoviridae is proposed, named “ Jerseyvirinae ” and consisting of three genera, “ Jerseylikevirus ”, “ Sp3unalikevirus ” and “ K1glikevirus ”. To date, this subfamily consists of 18 phages for which the genomes have been sequenced. Salmonella phages Jersey, vB_SenS_AG11, vB_SenS-Ent1, vB_SenS-Ent2, vB_SenS-Ent3, FSL SP-101, SETP3, SETP7, SETP13, SE2, SS3e and wksl3 form the proposed genus “ Jerseylikevirus ”. The proposed genus “ K1glikevirus ” consists of Escherichia phages K1G, K1H, K1ind1, K1ind2 and K1ind3. The proposed genus “ Sp3unalikevirus ” contains one member so far. Jersey-like phages appear to be widely distributed, as the above phages were isolated in the UK, Canada, the USA and South Korea between 1970 and the present day. The distinguishing features of this subfamily include a distinct siphovirus morphotype, genomes of 40.7-43.6 kb (49.6-51.4 mol % G+C), a syntenic genome organisation, and a high degree of nucleotide sequence identity and shared proteins. All known members of the proposed subfamily are strictly lytic.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 2015

References

  • Taxonomic changes in tailed phages of enterobacteria
    Ackermann, HW; DuBow, MS; Gershman, M; Karska-Wysocki, B; Kasatiya, SS; Loessner, MJ; Mamet-Bratley, MD; Regué, M
  • Epidemiological study of air filtration systems for preventing PRRSV infection in large sow herds
    Alonso, C; Murtaugh, MP; Dee, SA; Davies, PR

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