This study examines the formation of circulation patterns favorable to wintertime extreme precipitation events over South China between 1979 and 2013. During these extreme precipitation events, a barotropic wave train having seven centers of action was observed to extend from the Arabian Sea to the west coast of the North American continent with a maximum amplitude at 300 hPa. A center of action located over South China, comprised of cyclonic anomalies, favored powerful updrafts and large-scale moisture convergence over South China. About 77% of wintertime extreme precipitation events in South China were preceded by European blocking events. The formation mechanism for the 141 precipitation events with pre-existing European blocking highs is presented. Rossby wave energy propagation associated with the positive phase of circumglobal teleconnection enabled the European blocking event with a lead time of 10 days to generate cyclonic anomalies over South China. Moreover, significant warm anomalies were present over South China before the onset of these blocking-related extreme precipitation events. Increases in atmospheric moisture holding capacity associated with these warm anomalies enabled a buildup of precipitable water via moisture fluxes into South China through the western and southern boundaries. Onset of the extreme precipitation events was then triggered by
Climate Dynamics – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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