A population pharmacodynamic model characterizing neutropenia associated with pegylated interferon alpha 2-a therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C viral infection

A population pharmacodynamic model characterizing neutropenia associated with pegylated... Neutropenia is a hematologic disorder commonly reported in patients with chronic hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection. The objective of the present analysis is to describe the change in neutrophil count resulting from peglated interferon alpha 2-a (PEG-IFN α-2a) therapy in HCV-infected patients. A population pharmacodynamic model will be developed. We also plan to identify patient characteristics that contribute to the development of PEG-IFN α-2a-induced neutropenia in hepatitis C patients. A population pharmacodynamic modeling approach was applied to a cohort of patients (n = 292) with chronic HCV infection. Modeling was performed using NONMEM 6. Data was obtained from two phases III studies sponsored by Hoffmann-La Roche. Covariate screening was applied to evaluate various demographic and clinical characteristics as possible predictors of pharmacodynamic parameter during model development. A total of 4517 neutrophil counts from 292 subjects were analyzed by the proposed population pharmacodynamic model. A constant residual error model was used to the log-transformed neutrophil count. Platelet baseline count and uric acid level were identified as predictors of neutrophil pharmacodynamic model. Increased baseline platelet count is expected to result in higher neutrophil baseline. A higher neutrophil baseline is also expected in patients with increased uric acid level. In conclusion, a mechanistic pharmacodynamic model was developed. The effect of various covariates was included in the model. This allows the prediction of neutrophil count following antiviral therapy in patients with hepatitis C infection. Clinical studies: NV15942 and NV15801 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology Springer Journals

A population pharmacodynamic model characterizing neutropenia associated with pegylated interferon alpha 2-a therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C viral infection

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Neurosciences
ISSN
0028-1298
eISSN
1432-1912
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00210-018-1517-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Neutropenia is a hematologic disorder commonly reported in patients with chronic hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection. The objective of the present analysis is to describe the change in neutrophil count resulting from peglated interferon alpha 2-a (PEG-IFN α-2a) therapy in HCV-infected patients. A population pharmacodynamic model will be developed. We also plan to identify patient characteristics that contribute to the development of PEG-IFN α-2a-induced neutropenia in hepatitis C patients. A population pharmacodynamic modeling approach was applied to a cohort of patients (n = 292) with chronic HCV infection. Modeling was performed using NONMEM 6. Data was obtained from two phases III studies sponsored by Hoffmann-La Roche. Covariate screening was applied to evaluate various demographic and clinical characteristics as possible predictors of pharmacodynamic parameter during model development. A total of 4517 neutrophil counts from 292 subjects were analyzed by the proposed population pharmacodynamic model. A constant residual error model was used to the log-transformed neutrophil count. Platelet baseline count and uric acid level were identified as predictors of neutrophil pharmacodynamic model. Increased baseline platelet count is expected to result in higher neutrophil baseline. A higher neutrophil baseline is also expected in patients with increased uric acid level. In conclusion, a mechanistic pharmacodynamic model was developed. The effect of various covariates was included in the model. This allows the prediction of neutrophil count following antiviral therapy in patients with hepatitis C infection. Clinical studies: NV15942 and NV15801

Journal

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of PharmacologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 5, 2018

References

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