Genetic comparisons were made of the fusion protein sequences of 155 Newcastle disease virus isolates collected in South Africa between 1990 and 2002. Their evolutionary relationships and origins are described. All of the lentogenic field isolates were shown to be derived from commercial vaccines. No true South African lentogenic wild type strain was identified. Furthermore, it was shown that almost all mesogenic isolates had avirulent F 0 cleavage site sequences. Three major epizootics occurred in South Africa during the period of this study. The first outbreak (1990/1991) was caused by viruses endemic to South Africa since the 1960’s (genotype VIII) but were occasionally also isolated in 2000. Genotype VIIb viruses, implicated in the severe outbreaks during 1993/1994, persisted until 1999. Genotype VIId viruses, responsible for the most recent outbreak in 1999/2000, had their origins in the Far East like those of the two previous outbreaks.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2004
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