A Phosphomimetic Study Implicates Ser557 in Regulation of FOXP2 DNA Binding

A Phosphomimetic Study Implicates Ser557 in Regulation of FOXP2 DNA Binding FOXP2 is a transcription factor expressed in multiple tissues during embryonic development. FOXP2 regulates transcription by binding to DNA at its DNA binding domain, the forkhead domain (FHD) through the recognition helix. Ser557 is a residue located within the recognition helix that has the potential to become phosphorylated posttranslationally. In this study we investigated whether phosphorylation of Ser557 can influence the structure and DNA binding of the FOXP2 FHD. We did this by constructing S557E, a phosphomimetic mutant, and comparing its behaviour to the wild type. The mutation did not affect the secondary or tertiary structure of the protein although it did decrease the propensity of the FOXP2 FHD to form dimers. Most notably, the mutation showed significantly reduced DNA binding compared to the wild type as detected using electrophoretic mobility shift assays. Molecular docking was also performed in which the wild type, phosphomimetic mutant and phosphorylated wild-type were docked to DNA and their interactions with DNA were compared. These results indicated that the wild type forms more interactions with the DNA and that the phosphomimetic mutant as well as the phosphorylated wild type did not associate as favourably with the DNA. This indicates that phosphorylation of Ser557 could disrupt DNA binding likely due to electrostatic and steric hindrance. This suggests that phosphorylation of Ser557 in the FOXP2 FHD could act as a control mechanism for FOXP2 and ultimately could be involved in regulation of transcription. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Protein Journal Springer Journals

A Phosphomimetic Study Implicates Ser557 in Regulation of FOXP2 DNA Binding

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-phosphomimetic-study-implicates-ser557-in-regulation-of-foxp2-dna-bdEosOToGa
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Chemistry; Bioorganic Chemistry; Biochemistry, general; Organic Chemistry; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1572-3887
eISSN
1573-4943
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10930-018-9777-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

FOXP2 is a transcription factor expressed in multiple tissues during embryonic development. FOXP2 regulates transcription by binding to DNA at its DNA binding domain, the forkhead domain (FHD) through the recognition helix. Ser557 is a residue located within the recognition helix that has the potential to become phosphorylated posttranslationally. In this study we investigated whether phosphorylation of Ser557 can influence the structure and DNA binding of the FOXP2 FHD. We did this by constructing S557E, a phosphomimetic mutant, and comparing its behaviour to the wild type. The mutation did not affect the secondary or tertiary structure of the protein although it did decrease the propensity of the FOXP2 FHD to form dimers. Most notably, the mutation showed significantly reduced DNA binding compared to the wild type as detected using electrophoretic mobility shift assays. Molecular docking was also performed in which the wild type, phosphomimetic mutant and phosphorylated wild-type were docked to DNA and their interactions with DNA were compared. These results indicated that the wild type forms more interactions with the DNA and that the phosphomimetic mutant as well as the phosphorylated wild type did not associate as favourably with the DNA. This indicates that phosphorylation of Ser557 could disrupt DNA binding likely due to electrostatic and steric hindrance. This suggests that phosphorylation of Ser557 in the FOXP2 FHD could act as a control mechanism for FOXP2 and ultimately could be involved in regulation of transcription.

Journal

The Protein JournalSpringer Journals

Published: May 29, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off