An ultrasensitive paper based lateral flow assay is described for rapid and simultaneous fluorometric detection of several β-agonists including clenbuterol and its chemical analogues (mabuterol, brombuterol, cimaterol, cimbuterol, bromchlorbuterol and banbuterol). A nonspecific monoclonal antibody (mAb) against clenbuterol and its analogues was prepared and employed in a competitive immunoassay where mAb conjugated to fluorescent nanoparticles and free β-agonists compete for the binding sites. This enables rapid screening for the 7 β-agonists in a single run that takes about 8 min. Detection limits for the seven β-agonists are <50 pg g−1 of pork. Recoveries ranged from 69.5% to 102.4%, and relative standard deviations were ±15%. The assay was applied to the analysis of both using spiked and unspiked pork for β-agonists, and the results compare well to those obtained by HPLC-MS.
Microchimica Acta – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 22, 2018
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